This study was performed to investigate the potential of intraoperative three-dimensional (3D) holographic cholangiography, which provides a computer graphics model of the biliary tract, with mixed reality techniques.
Two patients with intraductal papillary neoplasm of the bile duct were enrolled in the study. Intraoperative 3D cholangiography was performed in a hybrid operating room. Three-dimensional polygon data using the acquired cholangiography data were installed into a head mount display (HoloLens; Microsoft Corporation, Redmond, WA, USA).
Upon completion of intraoperative 3D cholangiography, a hologram was immediately and successfully made in the operating room using the acquired cholangiography data, and several surgeons wearing the HoloLens succeeded in sharing the same hologram. Compared with usual two-dimensional cholangiography, this 3D holographic cholangiography technique contributed to more accurate reappearance of the bile ducts, especially the B1 origination site, and moving the hologram from the respective operators’ angles by means of easy gesture-handling without any monitors.
Intraoperative 3D holographic cholangiography might be a new next-generation operation-support tool in terms of immediacy, accurate anatomical reappearance, and ease of handling.