Up-to-down open and laparoscopic liver hanging maneuver: an overview

Abstract

Background

The liver hanging maneuver (LHM) was described by Belghiti et al. to facilitate liver resection and is done classically by creating a space between the caudate lobe and the inferior vena cava starting on the edge of caudate lobe and extending cranially, in a para-caval fashion, towards the space between the right and middle hepatic veins. LHM facilitates liver transection, guides anatomical resections, decreases blood loss, facilitates harvesting of the liver graft in live donors, and also has oncological advantages.

Study design

We describe a new approach named “up-to-down” to perform LHM in open and laparoscopic liver resections. This approach was mainly used in obese patients, in laparoscopic liver resections and in cases of failure of the classic approach. The advantages/disadvantages, complications, and different modalities of LHM are also summarized.

Results

The peritoneal layer between the liver capsule and the infrahepatic vena cava is opened, and a short blind dissection is initiated on the right anterolateral aspect of the inferior vena cava to the left of the hepatic vein of segment VI. The suprahepatic vena cava is exposed, and the space between the right and middle hepatic veins and the vena cava is created by gentle dissection. A 16-Fr nasogastric tube is positioned in the space between the right and middle hepatic vein, pointing inferiorly, and pushed downwards, in a para-caval manner caudally until it is seen inferiorly. The results of this approach are given.

Conclusion

LHM facilitates liver resection, and many variations have been described worldwide in open and laparoscopic liver surgery. The up-to-down approach should be part of the surgical armamentarium in order to offer a safer way to achieve LHM in some patients.

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Abbreviations

LHM:

Liver hanging maneuver

LHM:

IVC Inferior vena cava

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Correspondence to Safi Dokmak.

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Dokmak, S., Aussilhou, B., Rebai, W. et al. Up-to-down open and laparoscopic liver hanging maneuver: an overview. Langenbecks Arch Surg (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00423-020-01945-5

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Keywords

  • Liver hanging maneuver
  • Liver resection
  • Hepatectomy
  • Laparoscopic liver surgery