We examined the possibility that wearing a below-knee compression garment (CG) reduces fatigue-induced strength loss and joint position sense (JPS) errors in healthy adults.
Subjects (n = 24, age = 25.5 ± 4 years) were allocated to either one of the treatment groups that performed 100 maximal isokinetic eccentric contractions at 30°−1 with the right-dominant knee extensors: (1) with (EXPCG) or (2) without CG (EXP) or to (3) a control group (CONCG: CG, no exercise). Changes in JPS errors, and maximal voluntary isometric contraction (MVIC) torque were measured immediately post-, 24 h post-, and 1 week post-intervention in each leg. All testing was done without the CG.
CG afforded no protection against JPS errors. Mixed analysis of variance (ANOVA) revealed that absolute JPS errors increased post-intervention in EXPCG and EXP not only in the right-exercised (52%, p = 0.013; 57%, p = 0.007, respectively) but also in the left non-exercised (55%, p = 0.001; 58%, p = 0.040, respectively) leg. Subjects tended to underestimate the target position more in the flexed vs. extended knee positions (75–61°: − 4.6 ± 3.6°, 60–50°: − 4.2 ± 4.3°, 50–25°: − 2.9 ± 4.2°), irrespective of group and time. Moreover, MVIC decreased in EXP but not in EXPCG and CONCG at immediately post-intervention (p = 0.026, d = 0.52) and 24 h post-intervention (p = 0.013, d = 0.45) compared to baseline.
Altogether, a below-knee CG reduced fatigue-induced strength loss at 80° knee joint position but not JPS errors in healthy younger adults.
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Analysis of variance
Control group, receiving CG
Treatment group #1, performing isokinetic training with below-knee CG
Treatment group #2, performing isokinetic training without below-knee CG
Joint position sense
Maximal voluntary isometric contraction
- MVIC60 :
MVIC test trials at 60°
- MVIC80 :
MVIC test trials at 80°
Range of motion
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Communicated by Lori Ann Vallis.
Electronic supplementary material
Below is the link to the electronic supplementary material.
S1_Data_JPS. Supporting data for joint position sense errors in both the right exercised and the left non-exercised leg in each group, time point, and range of motion (XLSX 25 kb)
S2_Data_MVIC. Supporting data for maximal voluntary isometric contraction torque in both the right exercised and the left non-exercised leg in each group and time point (XLSX 12 kb)
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Négyesi, J., Zhang, L.Y., Jin, R.N. et al. A below-knee compression garment reduces fatigue-induced strength loss but not knee joint position sense errors. Eur J Appl Physiol 121, 219–229 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-020-04507-1
- Isokinetic exercise
- Eccentric contractions