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Suitability of jumps as a form of high-intensity interval training: effect of rest duration on oxygen uptake, heart rate and blood lactate



High-intensity interval training (HIT) has been shown to be an effective endurance training method. However, most HIT research has been conducted on running and cycling. The aim of this study was to assess the suitability of intermittent exercises such as jumps as a type of HIT.


Respiratory gases, heart rate and ground reaction forces were recorded for 21 participants (age 25 ± 4 years, mass 73 ± 12 kg, 13 male) during 5 distinct jump sessions on different days that varied with respect to the rest durations in between series (0, 15 or 30 s) and in between jumps (0, 1 or 2 s). Blood lactate was determined 3 min after the last series. Prior to the first session, maximal jump height as well as V′O2max during cycling was recorded.


Peak oxygen uptake and heart rate were nearly maximal during all five jump sessions (87–99% of V′O2max, 96–98% of maximal heart rate). The time spent at more than 90% of V′O2max (1–43% of the total session duration), average jump height (34–82% of maximal jump height) and lactate accumulation (4–9 mmol/l) differed between jump sessions, mainly depending on the rest interval between jumps (p < 0.001, rmANOVA between sessions with different rest intervals between jumps).


With short rest intervals, jumping elicited comparable acute responses as reported for running or cycling HIT. Thus, training programs using intermittent exercises should elicit similar adaptations as other forms of HIT, provided the rest intervals are sufficiently short. Heart rate might be of limited value when comparing different types of HIT.

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Countermovement jump


Ground reaction force


High-intensity interval training


Heart rate


Rated perceived exertion

V′O2max :

Maximal oxygen uptake


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The authors would like to thank Benjamin Weiss for his help with data acquisition. This study was co-funded by the NPI program of the European Astronaut Centre (EAC NPI 534, Contract 4000122797).

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AK contributed to study preparation and execution, data analysis, figure preparation and manuscript draft. TP contributed to study execution, data analysis and manuscript revision, MG contributed to study preparation and manuscript revision. All the authors read and approved the manuscripts.

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Correspondence to Andreas Kramer.

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Communicated by Olivier Seynnes.

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Kramer, A., Poppendieker, T. & Gruber, M. Suitability of jumps as a form of high-intensity interval training: effect of rest duration on oxygen uptake, heart rate and blood lactate. Eur J Appl Physiol 119, 1149–1156 (2019).

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  • HIT
  • Plyometrics
  • Cardiovascular
  • Jump training