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The effects of a 12-week jump rope exercise program on abdominal adiposity, vasoactive substances, inflammation, and vascular function in adolescent girls with prehypertension

A Correction to this article was published on 19 March 2020

This article has been updated

Abstract

Introduction

Childhood obesity is strongly associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) development. It is necessary to combat unfavorable outcomes of obesity at a young age by utilizing effective interventions, such as exercise.

Purpose

We sought to examine the effects of a jump rope exercise program on CVD risk factors, including body composition, vasoactive substances, inflammation, and vascular function in prehypertensive adolescent girls.

Methods

Forty girls (age 14–16) were recruited and randomly assigned to a jump rope exercise group (EX, n = 20) or control group (CON, n = 20). Body composition, nitrate and nitrite levels, endothelin-1 (ET-1), C-reactive protein (CRP), systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure (SBP, DBP), and arterial stiffness were measured before and after 12 weeks.

Results

There were significant group by time interactions following the 12-week program for body composition (from 33.8 ± 3.6 to 30.2 ± 3.1%), central adiposity (from 86.4 ± 4 to 83.3 ± 5 cm), SBP (from 126 ± 3.3 to 120 ± 2.1 mmHg), and brachial-to-ankle pulse wave velocity (from 8.2 ± 1.0 to 7.4 ± 0.2 m/s). Nitrate/nitrite levels increased (from 54.5 ± 5.1 to 57.2 ± 5.2 µmol) along a reduction in CRP levels (from 0.5 ± 0.4 to 0.2 ± 0.1 mg/L). There were no significant changes in ET-1 (P = 0.22).

Conclusions

These findings indicate that jump rope exercise may be an effective intervention to improve these CVD risk factors in prehypertensive adolescent girls. Jumping rope is an easily accessible exercise modality that may have important health implications for CVD prevention in younger populations.

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Fig. 1

Change history

  • 19 March 2020

    The Following error was published on page 578. The incorrect IRB number under ���Participants��� section was accidently reported.

Abbreviations

ANOVA:

Analysis of variance

baPWV:

Brachial-to-ankle pulse wave velocity

BIA:

Bioelectrical impedance analysis

BMI:

Body mass index

BP:

Blood pressure

bpm:

Beats per minute

CON:

Control group

CRP:

C-reactive protein

CVD:

Cardiovascular disease

DBP:

Diastolic blood pressure

ET-1:

Endothelin-1

EX:

Exercise intervention group

HRR:

Heart rate reserve

NO:

Nitric oxide

RPE:

Rating of perceived exertion

SD:

Standard deviation of the mean

SBP:

Systolic blood pressure

WC:

Waist circumference

References

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Acknowledgements

We are grateful for our participants.

Funding

No financial or material support of any kind was received for the work described in this article.

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Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Contributions

Authors’ roles: conception and design of the study: KDS and SYP. Collection, assembly, analysis and interpretation of data: KDS, EJP, WMS and SYP. Drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content: KDS, EJP, WMS, and SYP. Final approval of the version to be submitted: KDS, EJP, SDS, WMS and SYP.

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Song-Young Park.

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Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Additional information

Communicated by William J. Kraemer.

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Sung, KD., Pekas, E.J., Scott, S.D. et al. The effects of a 12-week jump rope exercise program on abdominal adiposity, vasoactive substances, inflammation, and vascular function in adolescent girls with prehypertension. Eur J Appl Physiol 119, 577–585 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-018-4051-4

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-018-4051-4

Keywords

  • Arterial stiffness
  • Central adiposity
  • C-reactive protein
  • Endothelin-1
  • Nitric oxide
  • Pulse wave velocity