European Journal of Applied Physiology

, Volume 118, Issue 1, pp 93–99 | Cite as

Causal effect of intra-abdominal pressure on maximal voluntary isometric hip extension torque

  • Kota Tayashiki
  • Fumihiro Mizuno
  • Hiroaki Kanehisa
  • Naokazu Miyamoto
Original Article
  • 160 Downloads

Abstract

Purpose

Intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) has been recently shown to be associated specifically with maximal voluntary isometric contraction (MVC) torque of hip extension, although the causal relationship remains unclear. The present study aimed to elucidate whether IAP has a causal effect on hip extension MVC torque.

Methods

IAP during hip extension MVC was changed by controlling the lung volume (i.e., depth of inspiration). Twelve healthy males conducted MVCs of hip extension during breath-hold at full inspiration (inspiratory condition) or expiration (expiratory condition), or during normal breath-hold (normal condition). IAP during MVCs was measured a pressure transducer placed in the rectum.

Results

The IAP during hip extension MVC was significantly higher in inspiratory condition (132.0 ± 46.1 mmHg) than in the other two conditions and also higher in normal condition (104.6 ± 35.9 mmHg) than in expiratory condition (77.0 ± 39.1 mmHg). The hip extension MVC torque was significantly higher in inspiratory condition (297.7 ± 82.7 N m) than in expiratory condition (266.4 ± 84.5 N m). In each condition, the hip extension MVC torque correlated with IAP during the MVC task.

Conclusion

The current results suggest that IAP has a positive causal effect on hip extension MVC torque and that a sufficient increase in IAP directly leads to an enhancement of hip extension MVC torque.

Keywords

Lung volume Core stability Abdominal muscle Diaphragm Electromyogram 

Abbreviations

ANOVA

Analysis of variance

AEMG

Average amplitude of electromyogram

BF

Biceps femoris

CV

Coefficient of variation

EMG

Electromyogram

ES

Erector spinae

GM

Gluteus maximus

IAP

Intra-abdominal pressure

ICC

Intra-class coefficient

MVC

Maximal voluntary isometric contraction

OE

Oblique external

OI

Oblique internal

RA

Rectus abdominis

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors do not have any financial and personal relationship with other people or organizations that could inappropriately bias this work. The authors would like to thank all the participants in this study.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

References

  1. Behm DG, Drinkwater EJ, Willardson JM, Cowley PM (2010) Canadian society for exercise physiology position stand: the use of instability to train the core in athletic and nonathletic conditioning. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab 35:109–112CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Cholewicki J, Juluru K, McGill SM (1999) Intra-abdominal pressure mechanism for stabilizing the lumbar spine. J Biomech 32:13–17CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Depalo VA, Parker AL, Al-Bilbeisi F, McCool FD (2004) Respiratory muscle strength training with nonrespiratory maneuvers. J Appl Physiol 96:731–734CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Essendrop M, Trojel Hye-Knudesn C, Skotte J, Faber Hansen A, Schibye B (2004) Fast development of high intra-abdominal pressure when a trained participant is exposed to heavy, sudden trunk loads. Spine 29:94–99CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Hagins M, Pietrek M, Sheikhzadeh A, Nordin M, Axen K (2004) The effects of breath control on intra-abdominal pressure during lifting tasks. Spine 29:464–469CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Hagins M, Pietrek M, Sheikhzadeh A, Nordin M (2006) The effects of breath control on maximum force and IAP during a maximum isometric lifting task. Clin Biomech 21:775–780CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Harman EA, Frykman PN, Clagett ER, Kraemer WJ (1988) Intra-abdominal and intra-thoracic pressure during lifting and jumping. Med Sci Sports Exerc 20:195–201CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Harman EA, Rosenstein RM, Frykman PN, Nigro GA (1989) Effects of a belt on intra-abdominal pressures during weight lifting. Med Sci Sports Exerc 21:186–190PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Hodges PW, Cresswell AG, Daggfeldt K, Thorstensson A (2001) In vivo measurement of the effect of intra-abdominal pressure on the human spine. J Biomech 34:347–353CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Hof AL (2009) A simple method to remove ECG artifacts from trunk muscle EMG signals. J Electromyogr Kinesiol 19:e554–e555CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Hoshikawa Y, Iida T, Muramatsu M, Ii N, Nakajima Y, Chumank K, Kanehisa H (2013) Effects of stabilization training on trunk muscularity and physical performances in youth soccer players. J Strength Cond Res 27:3142–3149CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Iida Y, Knaehisa H, Inaba Y, Nakazawa K (2011) Activity modulations of trunk and lower limb muscles during impact-absorbing landing. J Electromyogr Kinesiol 21:602–609CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Ikeda ER, Borg A, Brown D, Malouf J, Showers KM, Lis S (2009) The valsalva maneuver revisited: the influence of voluntary breathing on isometric muscle strength. J Strength Cond Res 23:127–132CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  14. Jamison ST, McNeilan RJ, Young GS, Givens DL, Best TM, Chaudhari AM (2012) Randomized controlled trial of the effects of a trunk stabilization program on trunk control and knee loading. Med Sci Sports Exerc 44:1924–1934CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Kawabata M, Shima N, Hamada H, Nakamura I, Nishizono H (2010) Changes in intra-abdominal pressure and spontaneous breath volume by magnitude of lifting effort: highly trained athletes versus healthy men. Eur J Appl Physiol 109:279–286CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. Kibler WB, Press J, Sciascia A (2006) The role of core stability in athletic function. Sports Med 36:189–198CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. Li S, Laskin JJ (2006) Influences of ventilation on maximal isometric force of the finger flexors. Muscle Nerve 34:651–655CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. Li S, Yasuda N (2007) Forced ventilation increases variability of isometric finger forces. Neurosci Lett 412:243–247CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. Maeo S, Takahashi T, Takai Y, Kanehisa H (2013) Trunk muscle activities during abdominal bracing: comparison among muscles and exercises. J Sports Sci Med 12:467–474PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  20. McCarthy TA (1982) Validity of rectal pressure measurements as indication of intra-abdominal pressure changes during urodynamic evaluation. Urology 20:657–660CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. McGill SM, Norman RW, Sharratt MT (1990) The effect of an abdominal belt on trunk muscle activity and intra-abdominal pressure during squat lifts. Ergonomics 33:147–160CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. Miyamoto K, Iinuma N, Maeda M, Wada E, Shimizu K (1999) Effects of abdominal belts on intra-abdominal pressure, intra-muscular pressure in the erector spinae muscles and myoelectrical activities of trunk muscles. Clin Biomech 14:79–87CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Myer GD, Ford KR, Brent JL, Hewett TE (2006) The effects of plyometric vs. dynamic stabilization and balance training on power, balance, and landing force in female athletes. J Strength Cond Res 20:345–353PubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. Prieske O, Muehlbauer T, Borde R, Gube M, Bruhn S, Behm DG, Granacher U (2016) Neuromuscular and athletic performance following core strength training in elite youth soccer: Role of instability. Scand J Med Sci Sports 26:48–56CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. Sharma A, Geovinson SG, Singh Sandhu J (2012) Effects of a nine-week core strengthening exercise program on vertical jump performances and static balance in volleyball players with trunk instability. J Sports Med Phys Fitness 52:606–615PubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. Stokes IA, Gardner-Morse MG, Henry SM (2010) Intra-abdominal pressure and abdominal wall muscular function: Spinal unloading mechanism. Clin Biomech 25:859–866CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Tayashiki K, Maeo S, Usui S, Miyamoto N, Kanehisa H (2016a) Effect of abdominal bracing training on strength and power of trunk and lower limb muscles. Eur J Appl Physiol 116:1703–1713CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. Tayashiki K, Takai Y, Maeo S, Kanehisa H (2016b) Intra-abdominal pressure and trunk muscular activities during abdominal bracing and hollowing. Int J Sports Med 37:134–143PubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. Tayashiki K, Hirata K, Ishida K, Kanehisa H, Miyamoto N (2017) Associations of maximal voluntary isometric hip extension torque with muscle size of hamstring and gluteus maximus and intra-abdominal pressure. Eur J Appl Physiol 117:1267–1272CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  30. Usui S, Maeo S, Tayshiki K, Nakatani M, Kanehisa H (2016) Low-load slow movement squat training increases muscle size and strength but not power. Int J Sports Med 37:305–3112PubMedGoogle Scholar
  31. Willardson JM (2007) Core stability training: applications to sports conditioning programs. J Strength Cond Res 21:979–985PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Institute of Fitness and Sports in KanoyaKanoyaJapan

Personalised recommendations