Effects of resistance training at different loads on inflammatory markers in young adults
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Suppressing inflammaging at an early stage in life via exercise might prevent chronic diseases later in life. The aim was to investigate the influence of resistance training at different external loads on inflammatory markers in healthy young adults.
Serum was collected for basal levels of cytokines (IL-1beta, IL-6, IL-8, sTNFR1, IL-1RA, IL-10 and GM-CSF) before and after 9 weeks exercise from 36 young (22 ± 2 years) healthy subjects who were randomized to three times weekly supervised resistance training at either HImax (n = 12, 1 × 10–12 repetitions at 80% 1RM), LO (n = 12, 1 × 10–12 repetitions at 40% 1RM), or LOmax (n = 12, 1 × 10–12 repetitions at 40% 1RM preceded by 60 repetitions at 20–25% 1RM) respectively.
Overall, IL-8 increased (p < 0.001) and IL-6 decreased (p = 0.001) after training, but no significant time*group interaction was found (respectively, p = 0.283 and p = 0.058 for IL-8 and IL-6). When analyzed separately, IL-8 increased significantly in HImax (p = 0.022) and LOmax (p = 0.024); and IL-6 decreased significantly in LOmax (p = 0.009) and LO (p = 0.013). No significant overall time effect was observed for sTNFR1 and IL-1RA; however, in HImax sTNFR1 (p = 0.031) and IL-1RA (p = 0.014) increased significantly, but remained unchanged in LOmax and LO. IL-1beta, IL-10 and GM-CSF levels remained undetectable in most participants.
Nine weeks of resistance training—irrespective of the external load—have beneficial effects on circulating IL-8 and IL-6. In addition, training at high external load increases the anti-inflammatory cytokines sTNFR1 and IL-1RA. The results of this study show that resistance training has anti-inflammatory effects in healthy young persons and that the response of the different inflammatory mediators depends on the magnitude of the external load.
KeywordsCytokines Young adult Resistance training Training load
We would like to acknowledge the Research Foundation Flanders, Belgium (FWO-Vlaanderen), as E. Van Roie was a Ph.D. Fellow of FWO. The results of the present study do not constitute an endorsement by ACSM. The authors have no other declarations of interest to report.
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