European Journal of Applied Physiology

, Volume 116, Issue 4, pp 863–864 | Cite as

The mind–muscle connection in resistance training: friend or foe?

  • Israel HalperinEmail author
  • Andrew D. Vigotsky
Letter to the Editor


The results of Calatayud et al. (Eur J Appl Physiol, 2015. doi: 10.1007/s00421-015-3305-7) indicate that focusing on the pectoralis major and triceps brachii muscles during bench press exercise selectively enhanced their activation, and thus suggest a training strategy. However, the authors did not discuss the well-established negative effects that focusing on specific muscle groups has on exercise performance. For proper perspective of the results and their practical utility, it is helpful to note the interplay between negative and positive effects of different focus conditions.


Attentional focus Motor learning Hypertrophy Instructions 


  1. Calatayud J, Vinstrup J, Jakobsen MD, Sundstrup E, Brandt M, Jay K, Colado JC, Andersen LL (2015) Importance of mind–muscle connection during progressive resistance training. Eur J Appl Physiol. doi: 10.1007/s00421-015-3305-7 PubMedGoogle Scholar
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Exercise and Health SciencesEdith Cowan UniversityPerthAustralia
  2. 2.Department of PhysiologyAustralian Institute of SportCanberraAustralia
  3. 3.Kinesiology ProgramArizona State UniversityPhoenixUSA

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