European Journal of Applied Physiology

, Volume 115, Issue 7, pp 1589–1599 | Cite as

A single set of exhaustive exercise before resistance training improves muscular performance in young men

  • Andreo Fernando AguiarEmail author
  • Cosme Franklim Buzzachera
  • Rafael Mendes Pereira
  • Vanda Cristina Sanches
  • Renata Borges Januário
  • Rubens Alexandre da Silva
  • Lucas Maciel Rabelo
  • André Wilson de Oliveira Gil
Original Article



The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of an additional set of exhaustive exercise before traditional hypertrophic training on quadriceps muscle performance in young men.


Subjects performed maximal dynamic strength (1RM), local muscular endurance (LME), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) tests before and after an 8-week hypertrophic training program using a knee extensor machine. After baseline testing, the subjects were divided into 3 groups: untrained control, traditional training (TR), and prior exhaustive training (PE). Both the TR and PE groups trained using the same training protocol (2 days week−1; 3 sets of 8–12 repetitions at 75 % of 1RM); the only difference was that the PE group performed an additional set of exhaustive exercise at 20 % of 1RM before each training session.


After 8 weeks, the PE group experienced a greater (P < 0.05) increase in 1RM, cross-sectional area, and LME than the TR group. Additionally, no changes (P > 0.05) in daily dietary intake were observed between groups.


These results suggest that the inclusion of a single set of exhaustive exercise at 20 % of 1RM before traditional hypertrophic training can be a suitable strategy for inducing additional beneficial effects on quadriceps strength, hypertrophy, and endurance in young men.


Resistance training Quadriceps 1RM Endurance Cross-sectional area Muscular strength 



One repetition maximum


Cross-sectional area


Local muscular endurance


Magnetic resonance imaging


Coefficient of variation


Resistance training




Vastus lateralis


Surface EMG for Non-Invasive Assessment of Muscles


Root mean square


Body mass index


Conflict of interest

No conflicts of interest, financial, or otherwise, are declared by the author(s).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andreo Fernando Aguiar
    • 1
    Email author
  • Cosme Franklim Buzzachera
    • 1
  • Rafael Mendes Pereira
    • 1
  • Vanda Cristina Sanches
    • 1
  • Renata Borges Januário
    • 1
    • 2
  • Rubens Alexandre da Silva
    • 1
  • Lucas Maciel Rabelo
    • 1
  • André Wilson de Oliveira Gil
    • 1
  1. 1.Center of Research in Health SciencesNorth University of Paraná (UNOPAR)LondrinaBrazil
  2. 2.Department of Physical Education, Centre for Physical Education and SportsLondrina State University (UEL)LondrinaBrazil

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