Effects of resistance training on neuromuscular characteristics and pacing during 10-km running time trial

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study was to analyze the impact of an 8-week strength training program on the neuromuscular characteristics and pacing adopted by runners during a self-paced endurance running.

Methods

Eighteen endurance runners were allocated into either strength training group (STG, n = 9) or control group (CG, n = 9) and performed the following tests before and after the training period: (a) incremental test, (b) running speed-constant test, (c) 10-km running time trial, (d) drop jump test, (e) 30-s Wingate anaerobic test, (f) maximum dynamic strength test (1RM). During 1RM, the electromyographic activity was measured.

Results

In the STG, the magnitude of improvement for 1RM (23.0 ± 4.2 %, P = 0.001), drop jump (12.7 ± 4.6 %, P = 0.039), and peak treadmill speed (2.9 ± 0.8 %, P = 0.013) was significantly higher compared to CG. This increase in the 1RM for STG was accompanied by a tendency to a higher electromyographic activity (P = 0.080). The magnitude of improvement for 10-km running performance was higher (2.5 %) for STG than for CG (−0.7 %, P = 0.039). Performance was improved mainly due to higher speeds during the last seven laps (last 2800 m) of the 10-km running trial. There were no significant differences between before and after training period for maximal oxygen uptake, respiratory compensation point, running economy, and anaerobic performance for both groups (P > 0.05).

Conclusions

These findings suggest that a strength training program offers a potent stimulus to counteract fatigue during the last parts of a 10-km running race, resulting in an improved overall running performance.

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Abbreviations

1RM:

Maximum dynamic strength

CG:

Control group

CT:

Contact time

iEMG:

Electromyographic activity

DJH:

Drop jump height

MP:

Mean power

PP:

Peak power

PTS:

Peak treadmill speed

RCP:

Respiratory compensation point

RE:

Running economy

RPE:

Rate of perceived exertion

RSI:

Reactive strength index

STG:

Strength training group

ST:

Strength training

\( {\dot{\text{V}}} \)O2max:

Maximal oxygen uptake

VM:

Vastus medialis

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Acknowledgments

The authors thank each of the individuals for their participation. The study was supported by grant from São Paulo Research Foundation (FAPESP 2011/10742-9). Mayara Vieira Damasceno is supported by a master scholarship from São Paulo Research Foundation (FAPESP 2013/00371-9).

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Correspondence to Mayara V. Damasceno.

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Communicated by Guido Ferretti.

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Damasceno, M.V., Lima-Silva, A.E., Pasqua, L.A. et al. Effects of resistance training on neuromuscular characteristics and pacing during 10-km running time trial. Eur J Appl Physiol 115, 1513–1522 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-015-3130-z

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Keywords

  • Maximum dynamic strength
  • Electromyographic activity
  • Anaerobic performance
  • Running economy
  • Maximal oxygen uptake