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Reducing the volume of sprint interval training does not diminish maximal and submaximal performance gains in healthy men

Abstract

Purpose

The present study examined the effect of reducing sprint interval training (SIT) work-interval duration on increases in maximal and submaximal performance.

Methods

Subjects (n = 36) were assigned to one of three training groups: endurance training (ET; 60 min per session for weeks 1–2, increasing to 75 min per session for weeks 3–4), or sprint interval training consisting of either repeated 30 (SIT 30) or 15 (SIT 15) second all-out intervals (starting with 4 bouts per session for weeks 1–2, increasing to 6 intervals per session for weeks 3–4). Training consisted of cycling 3 times per week for 4 weeks.

Results

While there was a significant main effect of training on \(\dot{V}{\text{O}}_{{{\text{2peak}}}}\) such that \(\dot{V}{\text{O}}_{{{\text{2peak}}}}\) was elevated post-training, no significant difference was observed in the improvements observed between groups (ET ~13 %, SIT 30–4 %, SIT 15–8 %). A significant main effect of training was observed such that lactate threshold and critical power were higher during post-testing across all groups (p < 0.05). There was a main effect of training (p < 0.05) on Wingate peak power with no differences observed between groups at post-training.

Conclusions

Together, these results indicate that reducing SIT work-interval duration from 30 to 15 s had no impact on training-induced increases in aerobic or anaerobic power, or on increases in lactate threshold (absolute) and critical power.

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Abbreviations

ANOVA:

Analysis of variance

BMI:

Body mass index

CO:

Cardiac output

CP:

Critical power

ET:

Endurance training

HIT:

High-intensity interval training

HR:

Heart rate

PGC 1-α:

Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator 1-alpha

RER:

Respiratory exchange ratio

SIT:

Sprint interval training

SV:

Stroke volume

WR:

Work rate

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Acknowledgements

We are grateful to a dedicated group of volunteers for their help in conducting training sessions.

Conflict of interest

There were no conflicts of interest.

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Correspondence to Brendon J. Gurd.

Additional information

Communicated by Nicolas Place.

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Zelt, J.G.E., Hankinson, P.B., Foster, W.S. et al. Reducing the volume of sprint interval training does not diminish maximal and submaximal performance gains in healthy men. Eur J Appl Physiol 114, 2427–2436 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-014-2960-4

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-014-2960-4

Keywords

  • Lactate threshold
  • Critical power
  • \(\dot{V}{\text{O}}_{{{\text{2peak}}}}\)
  • Anaerobic power
  • Sprint interval training
  • Submaximal performance