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Effects of high vs. moderate exercise intensity during interval training on lipids and adiponectin levels in obese young females

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Abstract

Purpose

We investigate the effects of 12-week interval training of moderate- or high-intensity exercise on blood lipids and plasma levels of adiponectin.

Methods

Thirty-four obese adolescent females [age = 15.9 ± 0.3 years; BMI and BMI-Z-score = 30.8 ± 1.6 kg/m2 and 3 ± 0.3, respectively], were randomized to high-intensity interval training (HIIT, n = 11), moderate-intensity interval training (MIIT, n = 11), or a control group (CG, n = 12). Maximal oxygen uptake (\(\mathop V\limits^{.} {\text{O}}_{{2{\text{peak}}}}\)), maximal aerobic speed (MAS), plasma lipids and adiponectin levels were measured in all subjects before and after training.

Results

Following the training program, in both training groups, body mass, BMI-Z-score, and percentage body fat (% BF) decreased, while \(\mathop V\limits^{.} {\text{O}}_{{2{\text{peak}}}}\) and MAS increased. Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and adiponectin levels were positively altered (−12.6 and −7.4 %; 6.3 and 8.0 %; 35.8 and 16.2 %; high to moderate training program, respectively). Waist circumference, triglyceride and total cholesterol decreased only in HIIT group (−3.5; −5.3 and −7.0 %, respectively, in all P < 0.05). Significant decrease in the usual index of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) occurred in HIIT and MIIT groups (−29.2 ± 5.3 and −18.4 ± 8.6 %, respectively; P < 0.01).

Conclusion

The results show that HIIT positively changes blood lipids and adiponectin variables in obese adolescent girls, resulting in improved insulin sensitivity, as attested by a lower HOMA-IR, and achieving better results compared to moderate-intensity exercise.

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Acknowledgments

The present study was supported by the Ministry of Higher Education, Scientific Research and Technology of Tunisia. The authors are grateful to all of the adolescents for their cooperation; we also thank Dr. Kaabachi N., Dr. Jemaa R., Dr. Garbi A. and the dietician Miss Mrad for their medical assistance.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest related to the publication of this article.

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Correspondence to G. Racil.

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Communicated by Jean-René Lacour.

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Racil, G., Ben Ounis, O., Hammouda, O. et al. Effects of high vs. moderate exercise intensity during interval training on lipids and adiponectin levels in obese young females. Eur J Appl Physiol 113, 2531–2540 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-013-2689-5

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