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Neuromuscular fatigue induced by whole-body vibration exercise

Abstract

The aim of this study was to examine the magnitude and the origin of neuromuscular fatigue induced by half-squat static whole-body vibration (WBV) exercise, and to compare it to a non-WBV condition. Nine healthy volunteers completed two fatiguing protocols (WBV and non-WBV, randomly presented) consisting of five 1-min bouts of static half-squat exercise with a load corresponding to 50 % of their individual body mass. Neuromuscular fatigue of knee and ankle muscles was investigated before and immediately after each fatiguing protocol. The main outcomes were maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) torque, voluntary activation, and doublet peak torque. Knee extensor MVC torque decreased significantly (P < 0.01) and to the same extent after WBV (−23 %) and non-WBV (−25 %), while knee flexor, plantar flexor, and dorsiflexor MVC torque was not affected by the treatments. Voluntary activation of knee extensor and plantar flexor muscles was unaffected by the two fatiguing protocols. Doublet peak torque decreased significantly and to a similar extent following WBV and non-WBV exercise, for both knee extensors (−25 %; P < 0.01) and plantar flexors (−7 %; P < 0.05). WBV exercise with additional load did not accentuate fatigue and did not change its causative factors compared to non-WBV half-squat resistive exercise in recreationally active subjects.

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Correspondence to Nicola A. Maffiuletti.

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Communicated by Toshio Moritani.

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Maffiuletti, N.A., Saugy, J., Cardinale, M. et al. Neuromuscular fatigue induced by whole-body vibration exercise. Eur J Appl Physiol 113, 1625–1634 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-013-2590-2

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-013-2590-2

Keywords

  • Quadriceps
  • Triceps surae
  • Maximal voluntary contraction
  • Peripheral contractile failure