European Journal of Applied Physiology

, Volume 113, Issue 6, pp 1585–1596 | Cite as

Effects of compression garments on recovery following intermittent exercise

  • Cathryn L. Pruscino
  • Shona Halson
  • Mark Hargreaves
Original Article

Abstract

The objective of the study was to examine the effects of wearing compression garments for 24 h post-exercise on the biochemical, physical and perceived recovery of highly trained athletes. Eight field hockey players completed a match simulation exercise protocol on two occasions separated by 4 weeks after which lower-limb compression garments (CG) or loose pants (CON) were worn for 24 h. Blood was collected pre-exercise and 1, 24 and 48 h post-exercise for IL-6, IL-1β, TNF-α, CRP and CK. Blood lactate was monitored throughout exercise and for 30 min after. A 5 counter-movement jump (5CMJ) and squat jump were performed and perceived soreness rated at pre-exercise and 1, 24 and 48 h post-exercise. Perceived recovery was assessed post-exercise using a questionnaire related to exercise readiness. Repeated measures ANOVA was used to assess changes in blood, perceptual and physical responses to recovery. CK and CRP were significantly elevated 24 h post-exercise in both conditions (p < 0.05). No significant differences were observed for TNF-α, IL1-β, IL-6 between treatments (p > 0.05). Power and force production in the 5CMJ was reduced and perceived soreness was highest at 1 h post-exercise (p < 0.05). Perceived recovery was lowest at 1 h post-exercise in both conditions (p < 0.01), whilst overall, perceived recovery was greater when CG were worn (p < 0.005). None of the blood or physical markers of recovery indicates any benefit of wearing compression garments post-exercise. However, muscle soreness and perceived recovery indicators suggest a psychological benefit may exist.

Keywords

Cytokines Inflammation Creatine kinase Muscle function Team sports 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cathryn L. Pruscino
    • 1
    • 2
  • Shona Halson
    • 3
  • Mark Hargreaves
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PhysiologyUniversity of MelbourneMelbourneAustralia
  2. 2.Department of Sport ScienceVictorian Institute of SportMelbourneAustralia
  3. 3.Department of PhysiologyAustralian Institute of SportCanberraAustralia

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