European Journal of Applied Physiology

, Volume 112, Issue 9, pp 3451–3453 | Cite as

Disputing the claims for physiological fitness and health adaptations from purposeful training using off-road vehicles

  • Chris Milburn
  • Keith MacCormick
  • Glyn BissixEmail author
  • René Murphy
Letter to the Editor

Dear Editor,

The article by Burr and associates (2011) sponsored by the Canadian Off Highway Vehicle Manufacturers Association (COHV) claiming that OHVs can be used as a fitness development modality raises a number of significant concerns and questions. It is important to appreciate that recreational OHVs and particularly ATVs are extremely dangerous. We know of no other recreational activity that has such a high mortality and morbidity rate as ATVing. For example, in the United States The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimated the annual costs to the US economy to be $3.24 billion dollars (Helmkamp and Lawrence 2007) while in Canada, Smartrisk (2009) estimated the yearly combined costs of ATVing and Snowmobiling at $381 million (Canada has approximately 1/10 the USA population). The incidence of emergency healthcare associated with these activities in Canada is astounding. Considering only mobility incidents, they represent 13% of related hospitalizations, 7% of...


Aerobic Fitness Light Physical Activity Injury Incident Rate Vibration Therapy Control Group Female 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chris Milburn
    • 1
  • Keith MacCormick
    • 2
  • Glyn Bissix
    • 3
    Email author
  • René Murphy
    • 3
  1. 1.Emergency DepartmentCape Breton Regional HospitalSydneyCanada
  2. 2.Emergency DepartmentAnnapolis Valley Regional HospitalKentvilleCanada
  3. 3.School of Recreation Management and KinesiologyAcadia UniversityWolfvilleCanada

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