Skip to main content

Advertisement

Log in

Energetics of karate (kata and kumite techniques) in top-level athletes

  • Original Article
  • Published:
European Journal of Applied Physiology Aims and scope Submit manuscript

Abstract

Breath-by-breath O2 uptake (\( \dot{V}_{{{\text{O}}_{2} }} \), L min−1) and blood lactate concentration were measured before, during exercise, and recovery in six kata and six kumite karate Word Champions performing a simulated competition. \( \dot{V}_{{{\text{O}}_{{ 2 {\text{max}}}} }} , \) maximal anaerobic alactic, and lactic power were also assessed. The total energy cost (\( V_{{{\text{O}}_{{ 2 {\text{TOT}}}} }} , \) mL kg−1 above resting) of each simulated competition was calculated and subdivided into aerobic, lactic, and alactic fractions. Results showed that (a) no differences between kata and kumite groups in \( \dot{V}_{{{\text{O}}_{{ 2 {\text{max}}}} }} , \) height of vertical jump, and Wingate test were found; (b) \( V_{{{\text{O}}_{{ 2 {\text{TOT}}}} }} \) were 87.8 ± 6.6 and 82.3 ± 12.3 mL kg−1 in kata male and female with a performance time of 138 ± 4 and 158 ± 14 s, respectively; 189.0 ± 14.6 mL kg−1 in kumite male and 155.8 ± 38.4 mL kg−1 in kumite female with a predetermined performance time of 240 ± 0 and 180 ± 0 s, respectively; (c) the metabolic power was significantly higher in kumite than in kata athletes (p ≤ 0.05 in both gender); (d) aerobic and anaerobic alactic sources, in percentage of the total, were significantly different between gender and disciplines (p < 0.05), while the lactic source was similar; (e) HR ranged between 174 and 187 b min−1 during simulated competition. In conclusion, kumite appears to require a much higher metabolic power than kata, being the energy source with the aerobic contribution predominant.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3

Similar content being viewed by others

References

  • Astrand PO, Rodahl K (1977) Textbook of work physiology. McGraw-Hill, New York

    Google Scholar 

  • Bar-Or O (1987) The Wingate anaerobic test. An update on methodology, reliability and validity. Sports Med 4:381–394

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Beneke R, Pollmann C, Bleif I, Leithaüser RM, Hütler M (2002) How anaerobic is the Wingate anaerobic test for humans? Eur J Appl Physiol 87:388–392

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Beneke R, Beyer T, Jachner C, Erasmus J, Hütler M (2004) Energetics of karate kumite. Eur J Appl Physiol 92:518–523

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Bosco C, Luhtanen P, Komi PV (1983) A simple method for measurement of mechanical power in jumping. Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol 50:273–282

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • di Prampero PE (1981) Energetics of muscular exercise. Rev Physiol Biochem Pharmacol 89:144–222

    Google Scholar 

  • Francescato MP, Talon T, di Prampero PE (1995) Energy cost and energy sources in karate. Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol 71:355–361

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Gratas-Delamarche A, Le Cam R, Delamarche P, Monnier M, Koubi H (1994) Lactate and catecholamine responses in male and female sprinters during a Wingate test. Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol 68:362–366

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Hausswirth C, Bigard AX, Lechevelier JM (1997) The Cosmed K4 telemetric system as an accurate device for oxygen uptake measurement during exercise. Int J Sport Med 18:449–453

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Inbar O, Bar-Or O, Skinner JS (1996) The Wingate anaerobic test. Human Kinetics, Champaign, pp 1–95

    Google Scholar 

  • Pyne DB, Boston T, Martin DT, Logan A (2000) Evaluation of the Lactate Pro blood lactate analyser. Eur J Appl Physiol 82:112–116

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Ravier G, Grappe F, Rouillon JD (2004) Application of force-velocity cycle ergometer test and vertical jump tests in the functional assessment of karate competitor. J Sports Med Phys Fitness 44:349–355

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Ravier G, Dugue B, Grappe F, Rouillon JD (2006) Maximal accumulated oxygen deficit and blood responses of ammonia, lactate and pH after anaerobic test: a comparison between international and national elite karate athletes. Int J Sports Med 27:810–817

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Sands WA, McNeal JR, Ochi MT, Urbanek TL, Jemni M, Stone MH (2004) Comparison of the Wingate and Bosco anaerobic tests. J Strength Cond Res 18:810–815

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Sbriccoli P, Bazzucchi I, Di Mario A, Marzattinocci G, Felici F (2007) Assessment of maximal cardiorespiratory performance and muscle power in the Italian Olympic judoka. J Strength Cond Res 21:738–744

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Tanaka H, Monahan KD, Seals DR (2001) Age-predicted maximal heart rate revisited. J Am Coll Cardiol 37(1):153–156

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgments

We thank Dr. Pierpaolo Iodice and Dr. Fabrizio Schiazza for technical suggestions that assisted in the performance of the Wingate test, and Dr. Giampiero Merati and Dr. Luca Agnello for discussing the data. This research was supported by grants of G.F. and A.V.

Conflict of interest statement

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Tiziana Pietrangelo.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Doria, C., Veicsteinas, A., Limonta, E. et al. Energetics of karate (kata and kumite techniques) in top-level athletes. Eur J Appl Physiol 107, 603–610 (2009). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-009-1154-y

Download citation

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-009-1154-y

Keywords

Navigation