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Occupational exposure to chemicals and risk of thyroid cancer in Sweden

  • Virginia LopeEmail author
  • Beatriz Pérez-Gómez
  • Nuria Aragonés
  • Gonzalo López-Abente
  • Per Gustavsson
  • Nils Plato
  • Agustín Silva-Mato
  • Marina Pollán
Short Communication

Abstract

Purpose

To explore thyroid cancer (TC) risk in the Swedish population, associated with occupational exposure to certain chemicals.

Methods

National cancer and death registries were used to follow-up (1971–1989) all Swedish workers employed in the 1970 census. Each combination of occupation and industry was linked to a Swedish job-exposure matrix (JEM), with exposure to 13 chemicals classified as “possible exposure”, “probable exposure” or “unexposed”. Relative risks were obtained using Poisson models adjusted for age, period and geographical area. A second analysis was performed, in which adjustment was additionally made for simultaneous exposure to other matrix chemicals and ionising radiations.

Results

Probable exposure to solvents among women displayed an increased risk (RR = 1.91; 95%CI:1.05–3.45), mainly due to a higher risk observed among shoe-cutters, lasters and sewers engaged in shoe-making.

Conclusions

Exposure to solvents, used mainly in the shoe and leather industry, seems to be associated with excess TC among women.

Keywords

Thyroid neoplasm Occupation Industry Chemical exposure Risk 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Virginia Lope
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Beatriz Pérez-Gómez
    • 1
    • 2
  • Nuria Aragonés
    • 1
    • 2
  • Gonzalo López-Abente
    • 1
    • 2
  • Per Gustavsson
    • 3
    • 4
  • Nils Plato
    • 3
    • 4
  • Agustín Silva-Mato
    • 5
  • Marina Pollán
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.CIBER Epidemiología y Salud Pública (CIBERESP)MadridSpain
  2. 2.Cancer and Environmental Epidemiology AreaNational Center for Epidemiology, Carlos III Institute of HealthMadridSpain
  3. 3.Department of Occupational and Environmental HealthStockholm Centre for Public HealthStockholmSweden
  4. 4.Division of Occupational Health, Department of Public Health SciencesKarolinska InstitutetStockholmSweden
  5. 5.Department of Health and Medical-Social Sciences, Faculty of MedicineAlcalá UniversityMadridSpain

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