Skip to main content

Comment on the article: multifocal electroretinography in amblyopia

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.


  1. Al-Haddad C, Bou Ghannam A, El Moussawi Z, Rachid E, Ismail K, Atallah M, Smeets L, Chahine H (2020) Multifocal electroretinography in amblyopia. Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol.

  2. Holmes JM, Beck RW, Repka MX, Leske DA, Kraker RT, Blair RC, Moke PS, Birch EE, Saunders RA, GE HRWQ, Simons KA, Miller JM, Pediatric Eye Disease Investigator Group (2001) The amblyopia treatment study visual acuity testing protocol. Arch Ophthalmol 119(9):1345–1353.

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  3. Writing Committee for the Pediatric Eye Disease Investigator Group, Cotter SA, Foster NC, Holmes JM, Melia BM, Wallace DK, Repka MX, Tamkins SM, Kraker RT, Beck RW, Hoover DL, Crouch ER 3rd, Miller AM, Morse CL, Suh DW (2012) Optical treatment of strabismic and combined strabismic-anisometropic amblyopia. Ophthalmology 119(1):150–158.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. Kaiser PK (2009) Prospective evaluation of visual acuity assessment: comparison of Snellen versus ETDRS charts in clinical practice (An AOS Thesis). Trans Am Ophthalmol Soc 107:311–324

    PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  5. Gibson RA, Sanderson HF (1980) Observer variation in ophthalmology. Br J Ophthalmol 64(6):457–460.

    Article  CAS  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  6. Loumann Knudsen L (2003) Visual acuity testing in diabetic subjects: the decimal progression chart versus the Freiburg visual acuity test. Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol 241(8):615–618.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  7. Song S, Levi DM, Pelli DG (2014) A double dissociation of the acuity and crowding limits to letter identification, and the promise of improved visual screening. J Vis 4(5):3.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. Hood DC, Bach M, Brigell M, Keating D, Kondo M, Lyons JS, Marmor MF, DL MC, Palmowski-Wolfe AM, International Society For Clinical Electrophysiology of Vision (2012) ISCEV standard for clinical multifocal electroretinography (mfERG) (2011 edition). Doc Ophthalmol 124(1):1–13.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  9. Levi DM, Knill DC, Bavelier D (2015) Stereopsis and amblyopia: a mini-review. Vis Res 114:17–30.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  10. Chan HL, Siu AW (2003) Effect of optical defocus on multifocal ERG responses. Clin Exp Optom 86(5):317–322.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Mladen Bušić.

Ethics declarations

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Additional information

Publisher’s note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Bjeloš, M., Bušić, M., Križanović, A. et al. Comment on the article: multifocal electroretinography in amblyopia. Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol 258, 1137–1138 (2020).

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Revised:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: