Macular buckle technique in myopic traction maculopathy: a 16-year review of the literature and a comparison with vitreous surgery
The aim of this study is to review anatomical and functional outcomes following macular buckling (MB) in high myopia and to compare such results with those obtained by pars plana vitrectomy (PPV).
PubMed articles on MB in high myopia (2000–2016) were reviewed. Main outcomes included retinal reattachment and macular hole (MH) closure rates, resolution of myopic foveoschisis (MFS), and postoperative visual acuity.
Thirty-one articles included 16 in patients with retinal detachment due to MH (MHRD group), 11 in MFS with or without foveal detachment (MFS group), and 4 in MH patients with MFS (MH-MFS group). Surgical techniques mainly differed in the type of buckle, rectus muscles involvement, and concurrent PPV. In eyes with persistent MH, prognosis in the MHRD and MH-MFS groups differed between eyes receiving MB compared to PPV: functional outcome was markedly poorer and there was a higher risk of retinal redetachment associated with PPV. In the MSF group, secondary MHs were more likely to develop in eyes treated with PPV and internal limiting membrane peeling than those undergoing MB alone or combined with PPV. Retinal pigment epithelium changes, malpositioning, perforation, and choroidal detachment were the main complications.
Although different approaches are used, complete resolution of foveoschisis, retinal reattachment, and MH closure seem to be achieved more frequently with MB than PPV.
KeywordsMacular buckle High myopia Posterior staphyloma Myopic foveoschisis Macular hole Retinal detachment
Presentation at a meeting
Partially presented at the EURETINA Meeting in 2017 (Barcelona).
No funding was received for this research.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
All authors certify that they have no affiliations with or involvement in any organization or entity with any financial interest (such as honoraria; educational grants; participation in speakers’ bureaus; membership, employment, consultancies, stock ownership, or other equity interest; and expert testimony or patent-licensing arrangements), or non-financial interest (such as personal or professional relationships, affiliations, knowledge or beliefs) in the subject matter or materials discussed in this manuscript.
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
For this type of study, formal consent is not required.
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