Inter-method agreement in retinal blood vessels diameter analysis between Dynamic Vessel Analyzer and optical coherence tomography
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To analyze the inter-methods agreement in arteriovenous ratio (AVR) evaluation between spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) and Dynamic Vessel Analyzer (DVA).
Healthy volunteers underwent DVA and SD-OCT examination. AVR was measured by SD-OCT using the four external lines of the optic nerve head-centered 7-line cube and by DVA using an automated AVR estimation. The mean AVR was calculated, twice, separately by two independent readers for each tool.
Twenty-two eyes of 11 healthy subjects (five women and six men, mean age 35) were included. AVR analysis by DVA showed high inter-observer agreement between reader 1 and 2, and high intra-observer agreement for both reader 1 and reader 2. With regard to AVR analysis on SD-OCT, we found high inter-observer agreement between reader 1 and 2, and low intra-observer agreement for reader 2 but high intra-observer agreement for reader 1. Overall, the mean AVR measured on SD-OCT turned out to be significantly higher than mean AVR measured through DVA (reader 1, 0.9023 ± 0.06 vs 0.8036 ± 0.08; p < 0.001, and reader 2, 0.9067 ± 0.06 vs 0.8083 ± 0.05; p= 0.003).
No inter-method agreement in AVR could be detected in the present study due to bias in measurements (shift between DVA and SD-OCT). We found significant difference in the two noninvasive methods for AVR measurement, with a tendency for SD-OCT to overestimate retinal vascular caliber in comparison to DVA. This may be useful for achieving greater accuracy in the evaluation of retinal vessel in ocular as well as systemic diseases.
KeywordsArteriovenous ratio Dynamic vessel analyzer Inter-methods agreement Reproducibility Semi-automated analysis Spectral-domain optical coherence tomography
Compliance with ethical standards
The authors have no proprietary, funding, or conflicts of interest to disclose.
Informed consent was obtained from all subjects in agreement with the Declaration of Helsinki for research involving human subjects.
No animals were involved in the research.
No funding was received for this research.
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
Conflict of interest
All authors certify that they have no affiliations with or involvement in any organization or entity with any financial interest (such as honoraria; educational grants; participation in speakers’ bureaus; membership, employment, consultancies, stock ownership, or other equity interest; and expert testimony or patent-licensing arrangements), or non-financial interest (such as personal or professional relationships, affiliations, knowledge, or beliefs) in the subject matter or materials discussed in this manuscript.
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
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