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Asymmetric inferior oblique anterior transposition for incomitant asymmetric dissociated vertical deviation

  • Stacy L. Pineles
  • Guillermo Velez
  • Federico G. VelezEmail author
Pediatrics

Abstract

Background

Inferior oblique anterior transposition (IOAT) is indicated in patients with incomitant dissociated vertical deviation (DVD) larger in adduction. In general, bilateral surgery is recommended in patients with DVD unless there is deep monocular amblyopia. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the results of asymmetric IOAT in patients with asymmetric incomitant DVD larger in adduction.

Methods

Retrospective chart review of the records of all patients with incomitant asymmetric DVD associated with inferior oblique (IO) overaction who underwent asymmetric IO weakening procedure. In all patients, the eye with more DVD in adduction underwent IOAT to the temporal corner of the insertion of the inferior rectus (IR) muscle, and the eye with less DVD underwent IOAT to a position 3–4 mm posterior to the insertion of the IR. No other muscles were operated simultaneously. No patient had previous surgery on any cyclovertical extracular muscle.

Results

Fourteen patients were included. Mean age at surgery was 10.3 ± 8.8 years (range 4–33). Primary position DVD preoperatively was 18 ± 2 PD in the eye with the larger DVD compared to 1.1 ± 1.0 PD postoperatively (p < 0.0001). DVD asymmetry between the lateral gaze with the largest DVD and the lateral gaze with the smallest DVD was 9.8 ± 3.1 PD (range 5–14 PD) preoperatively vs 1.1 ± 1.0 PD (range 0–2 PD), (p < 0.0001). Ten patients had preoperative V-pattern >10 PD (24.7 ± 8.7 PD, range 12–50 PD) preoperatively vs no patients postoperatively (mean V-pattern 4.4 ± 2.0 PD), (p < 0.0001). Postoperative follow up was 1.6 ± 0.7 years (range 1–3 years).

Conclusion

In patients with asymmetric incomitant DVD, asymmetric IOAT improves lateral incomitance without increasing the risk of antielevation, limitation in upgaze rotation, or hypertropia, or worsening the DVD in the eye with less deviation preoperatively.

Keywords

Dissociated vertical deviation Inferior oblique Hypertropia Strabismus 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Grant support

NIH/NEI K23EY021762 (SLP), Knights Templar Eye Foundation, Oppenheimer Family Foundation

Conflicts of interest

None of the authors have any financial conflicts of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stacy L. Pineles
    • 1
  • Guillermo Velez
    • 2
  • Federico G. Velez
    • 1
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Jules Stein Eye Institute and Department of OphthalmologyUniversity of CaliforniaLos AngelesU.S.A.
  2. 2.University of Antiquia, Private PracticeMedellinColombia
  3. 3.Jules Stein Eye InstituteDavid Geffen School of Medicine at UCLALos AnglesUSA

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