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Analysis of disputed single-parent/child and sibling relationships using 16 STR loci

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This study describes the validation of short tandem repeat (STR) systems for the resolution of cases of disputed parentage where only a single parent is available for testing or where the claimed relationship of both parents is in doubt and also cases where sibship must be tested. Three separate multiplex systems the Second Generation Multiplex, Powerplex 1.2 and FFFL have been employed, giving a total of 16 STR loci. Both empirical and theoretical approaches to the validation have been adopted. Appropriate equations have been derived to calculate likelihood ratios for different relationships, incorporating a correction for subpopulation effects. An F ST point estimate of 1% has been applied throughout. Empirically, 101 cases of alleged father, alleged mother and child where analysed using six SLP systems and also using the three multiplex STR systems. Of the 202 relationships tested, 197 were independently resolved by both systems, providing either clear evidence of non-parentage or strong support for the relationship.

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Received: 16 June 2000 / Accepted: 7 January 2001

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Thomson, J., Ayres, K., Pilotti, V. et al. Analysis of disputed single-parent/child and sibling relationships using 16 STR loci. Int J Leg Med 115, 128–134 (2001).

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