Population data for 23 Y chromosome STR loci using the Powerplex® Y23 STR kit for the Kedayan population in Malaysia

  • Hashom Mohd HakimEmail author
  • Hussein Omar Khan
  • Siti Afifah Ismail
  • Japareng Lalung
  • Abban Edward Kofi
  • Bryan Raveen Nelson
  • Mohd Tajuddin Abdullah
  • Geoffrey Keith Chambers
  • Hisham Atan EdinurEmail author
Population Data


Genetic polymorphisms at 23 Y chromosome short tandem repeat (STRs) loci included in the Powerplex® Y23 PCR kit were successfully scored in 128 unrelated Kedayan individuals living in Sabah, East Malaysia. Complete haplotypes were recorded for all individuals and included 92 different types with 72 being unique to single male subjects. Three important forensic statistics were calculated from these data; haplotype diversity = 0.993, discriminating capacity = 0.719, and match probability = 0.015. The Kedayan appear to be most closely related to Malays and Filipinos in a multidimensional scaling plot and are separated from other mainland Asia populations including Thais and Hakka Han. These new data for Kedayan have been deposited in the YHRD database (accession number: YA004621). Our statistical analyses showed the reliability of Y-STR loci for geographically extended use in forensic casework and for studying human population history.


Y chromosome STR Haplotypes Powerplex® Y23 system Population genetic Kedayan Malaysia 



We would like to extend our sincere appreciation to the staff at the DNA Databank Division (D13), Criminal Investigation Department (CID), Royal Malaysia Police, Cheras, Selangor, for their comprehensive support and contributions towards this study. Special thanks go to Mr. Kasa Bin Saidi, Mr. Paridin Bin Sitim (Si Odeng), Mr. Mohd Najid Bin Tarip, and Supri@Openg Bin Abidin, representatives of Persatuan Kedayan-Paadian Sabah, for organizing the sampling sessions in Sipitang, Sabah. We also thank DNA Laboratory, Royal Malaysia Police, Malaysia, for providing the genotyping platform and Victoria University of Wellington who gave Alumnus Scholar support to Geoff Chambers.

Funding information

This study received financial support from the Bridging Grant (no: 304/PTEKIND/6316501) and Short Term Grant (no: 304/ PPSK/6315142), Universiti Sains Malaysia.

Compliance with ethical standards

This study was reviewed and approved (ethical permit no: USM/JEPeM/15100366) by the Human Ethics Committee, Universiti Sains Malaysia (JEPeM-USM).

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.

Supplementary material

414_2019_2237_MOESM1_ESM.xlsx (34 kb)
ESM 1 (XLSX 33 kb)
414_2019_2237_MOESM2_ESM.docx (54 kb)
ESM 2 (DOCX 54 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.DNA Databank Division (D13), Criminal Investigation DepartmentRoyal Malaysia PoliceCherasMalaysia
  2. 2.School of Industrial TechnologyUniversiti Sains MalaysiaGelugorMalaysia
  3. 3.Forensic Science Programme, School of Health SciencesUniversiti Sains Malaysia, Health CampusKubang KerianMalaysia
  4. 4.Institute of Tropical Biodiversity and Sustainable DevelopmentUniversiti Malaysia TerengganuKuala NerusMalaysia
  5. 5.School of Biological SciencesVictoria University of WellingtonWellingtonNew Zealand
  6. 6.Environmental Futures Research InstituteGriffith UniversityNathanAustralia

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