Genetic polymorphism of Y-chromosomal STRs in Gujjar population of Punjab

  • Fatima Tuz Zahra
  • Manzoor Hussain
  • Khushbukhat Khan
  • Muhammad Adeel AslamEmail author
  • Muhammad Shafique
  • Aqsa Rubab
  • Shahzadi Javeed
Population Data


Y-STR polymorphism of Gujjar population was determined by using AmpFISTR®YfilerTM PCR amplification kit. A total 176 haplotypes were obtained after the analysis of 17 Y-STR loci in 176 genetically unrelated individuals. Haplotype diversity and discrimination capacity attained was 0.99730 and 0.652201325, respectively. The comparison of Gujjar population with 16 other populations revealed that Gujjars have low genetic distance from Punjabi, Sindhi, and Pakhtun population of Pakistan; Azad Kashmir, Saraswat Brahmin from India; Bangladeshi population; north and south of Afghanistan; and Uttar Pradesh India which hints toward the migrational route Gujjars took over the centuries. This data is of significant value for population studies and forensic applications.


Y chromosome Short tandem repeats Gujjar population Genetic polymorphism 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fatima Tuz Zahra
    • 1
    • 2
  • Manzoor Hussain
    • 1
  • Khushbukhat Khan
    • 1
    • 3
  • Muhammad Adeel Aslam
    • 1
    Email author
  • Muhammad Shafique
    • 4
  • Aqsa Rubab
    • 4
  • Shahzadi Javeed
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre for Applied Molecular BiologyUniversity of the PunjabLahorePakistan
  2. 2.School of Biomedical SciencesThe University of Hong KongHong KongChina
  3. 3.Atta-ur-Rahman School of Applied Biosciences (ASAB)National University of Sciences and Technology (NUST)IslamabadPakistan
  4. 4.National Centre of Excellence in Molecular BiologyUniversity of the PunjabLahorePakistan

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