Advertisement

Genetic polymorphism of Y-chromosomal STRs in Gujjar population of Punjab

  • Fatima Tuz Zahra
  • Manzoor Hussain
  • Khushbukhat Khan
  • Muhammad Adeel AslamEmail author
  • Muhammad Shafique
  • Aqsa Rubab
  • Shahzadi Javeed
Population Data

Abstract

Y-STR polymorphism of Gujjar population was determined by using AmpFISTR®YfilerTM PCR amplification kit. A total 176 haplotypes were obtained after the analysis of 17 Y-STR loci in 176 genetically unrelated individuals. Haplotype diversity and discrimination capacity attained was 0.99730 and 0.652201325, respectively. The comparison of Gujjar population with 16 other populations revealed that Gujjars have low genetic distance from Punjabi, Sindhi, and Pakhtun population of Pakistan; Azad Kashmir, Saraswat Brahmin from India; Bangladeshi population; north and south of Afghanistan; and Uttar Pradesh India which hints toward the migrational route Gujjars took over the centuries. This data is of significant value for population studies and forensic applications.

Keywords

Y chromosome Short tandem repeats Gujjar population Genetic polymorphism 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

414_2019_2227_MOESM1_ESM.xlsx (10 kb)
ESM 1 (XLSX 9 kb).
414_2019_2227_MOESM2_ESM.xlsx (22 kb)
ESM 2 (XLSX 21 kb).
414_2019_2227_MOESM3_ESM.docx (68 kb)
ESM 3 (DOCX 67 kb).
414_2019_2227_MOESM4_ESM.docx (14 kb)
ESM 4 (DOCX 14 kb).
414_2019_2227_MOESM5_ESM.docx (13 kb)
ESM 5 (DOCX 13 kb).

References

  1. 1.
    Tyagi VP (2009) Martial races of undivided India. Gyan Publishing HouseGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bose S (2009) Kashmir: roots of conflict, paths to peace. Harvard University PressGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Qamar R, Ayub Q, Mohyuddin A, Helgason A, Mazhar K, Mansoor A, Zerjal T, Tyler-Smith C, Mehdi SQ (2002) Y-chromosomal DNA variation in Pakistan. Am J Hum Genet 70(5):1107–1124CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Perveen R, Rahman Z, Shahzad MS, Israr M, Shafique M, Shan MA, Zar MS, Iqbal M, Husnain T (2014) Y-STR haplotype diversity in Punjabi population of Pakistan. Forensic Sci Int Genet 9:e20CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Alam S, Ali ME, Ferdous A, Hossain T, Hasan MM, Akhteruzzaman S (2010) Haplotype diversity of 17 Y-chromosomal STR loci in the Bangladeshi population. Forensic Sci Int Genet 4(2):e59–e60CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Yadav B, Raina A, Dogra TD (2011) Haplotype diversity of 17 Y-chromosomal STRs in Saraswat Brahmin community of North India. Forensic Sci Int Genet 5(3):e63–e70CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Lee EY, Shin K-J, Rakha A, Sim JE, Park MJ, Kim NY, Yang WI, Lee HY (2014) Analysis of 22 Y chromosomal STR haplotypes and Y haplogroup distribution in Pathans of Pakistan. Forensic Sci Int Genet 11:111–116CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Adnan A, Rakha A, Noor A, van Oven M, Ralf A, Kayser M (2017) Population data of 17 Y-STRs (Yfiler) from Punjabis and Kashmiris of Pakistan. Int J Legal Med:1–2Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Lacau H, Bukhari A, Gayden T, La Salvia J, Regueiro M, Stojkovic O, Herrera RJ (2011) Y-STR profiling in two Afghanistan populations. Legal Med 13(2):103–108CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Achakzai NM, Rahman Z, Shahzad M, Daud S, Zar M, Israr M, Husnain T, Willuweit S, Roewer L (2012) Y-chromosomal STR analysis in the Pashtun population of southern Afghanistan. Forensic Sci Int Genet 6(4):e103–e105CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Thanseem I, Thangaraj K, Chaubey G, Singh VK, Bhaskar LV, Reddy BM, Reddy AG, Singh L (2006) Genetic affinities among the lower castes and tribal groups of India: inference from Y chromosome and mitochondrial DNA. BMC Genet 7(1):42CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fatima Tuz Zahra
    • 1
    • 2
  • Manzoor Hussain
    • 1
  • Khushbukhat Khan
    • 1
    • 3
  • Muhammad Adeel Aslam
    • 1
    Email author
  • Muhammad Shafique
    • 4
  • Aqsa Rubab
    • 4
  • Shahzadi Javeed
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre for Applied Molecular BiologyUniversity of the PunjabLahorePakistan
  2. 2.School of Biomedical SciencesThe University of Hong KongHong KongChina
  3. 3.Atta-ur-Rahman School of Applied Biosciences (ASAB)National University of Sciences and Technology (NUST)IslamabadPakistan
  4. 4.National Centre of Excellence in Molecular BiologyUniversity of the PunjabLahorePakistan

Personalised recommendations