Advertisement

International Journal of Legal Medicine

, Volume 118, Issue 4, pp 197–205 | Cite as

Studies on seasonal arthropod succession on carrion in the southeastern Iberian Peninsula

  • M. I. Arnaldos
  • E. Romera
  • J. J. Presa
  • A. Luna
  • M. D. GarcíaEmail author
Original Article

Abstract

A global study of the sarcosaprophagous community that occurs in the southeastern Iberian Peninsula during all four seasons is made for the first time, and its diversity is described with reference to biological indices. A total of 18,179 adults and, additionally, a number of preimaginal states were collected. The results for the main arthropod groups, and their diversity are discussed in relation to the season and decompositional stages. The results provide an extensive inventory of carrion-associated arthropods. An association between decomposition stages and more representative arthropod groups is established. With respect to the biological indices applied, Margalef’s index shows that the diversity of the community increases as the state of decomposition advances, while Sorenson’s quantitative index shows that the greatest similarities are between spring and summer on the one hand, and fall and winter, on the other.

Keywords

Forensic entomology Arthropod succession Sarcosaprophagous fauna Iberian Peninsula Postmortem interval 

References

  1. Arnaldos Sanabria MI (2000) Estudio de la fauna sarcosapprófaga de la Región de Murcia. Su aplicación a la mediciona legal. Tesis doctoral, Departamento de Biología Animal, Facultad de Biología, Universidad de MurciaGoogle Scholar
  2. Arnaldos MI, Romera E, García MD, Luna A (2001) An initial study on sarcosaprophagous Diptera (Insecta) succession on carrion in southeastern Iberian Peninsula. Int J Legal Med 114:156–162PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Arnaldos MI, García MD, Romera E, Baquero E (2003) New data on the Mymaridae fauna in the Iberian Peninsula (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea) from a carrion community. Boletín de la Asociación española de Entomología 27:213–216Google Scholar
  4. Berzosa J, Arnaldos MI, Romera E, García MD (2001) Tisanópteros (Insecta: Thysanoptera) de una comunidad sarcosaprófaga en el sureste español. Boletín de la Real Sociedad Española de Historia Natural (Sección Biológica) 96:183–194Google Scholar
  5. Bray JR, Curtis CT (1957) An ordination of the upland forest communities of southern Wisconsin. Ecol Monogr 27:235–349Google Scholar
  6. Castillo Miralbes M (2002) Estudio de la entomofauna asociada a cadáveres en el Alto Aragón (España). Monografías de la SEA 6:1–93Google Scholar
  7. Centeno N, Maldonado M, Oliva A (2002) Seasonal patterns of arthropods occurring on sheltered and unsheltered pig carcasses in Buenos Aires province (Argentina). Forensic Sci Int 126:63–70CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Clifford HT, Stephenson W (1975) An introduction to numerical classification. Academic Press. LondonGoogle Scholar
  9. Early M, Goff ML (1986) Arthropod succession patterns in exposed carrion on the Island of O’hau, Hawaiian Islands, USA. J Med Entomol 23:520–531PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Fuller ME (1934) The insects inhabitants of carrion: a study in animal ecology. Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, MelbourneGoogle Scholar
  11. Goff ML, Early M, Odom BO, Tullis K (1986) A preliminary checklist of arthropods associated with exposed carrion in the Hawaiian Islands. Proc Hawaiian Entomol Soc 26:53–57Google Scholar
  12. Lopes de Carvalho LM, Linhares X (2001) Seasonality of insect succession and pig carcass decomposition in a natural forest area in southeastern Brazil. J Forensic Sci 46: 604–608PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Lord WD, Burger JF (1984) Arthropods associated with herring gulls (Larus argentatus) and great black-backed gulls (Larus marinus) carrion on islands in the gulf of Maine. Environ Entomol 13:1261–1268Google Scholar
  14. Magurran AE (1989) Diversidad Ecológica y su Medición. Ed. Vedrà, BarcelonaGoogle Scholar
  15. Martínez MD, Arnaldos MI, Romera E, Garcia MD (2002) Los Formicidae (Hymenoptera) de una comunidad sarcosaprófaga en un ecosistema mediterráneo. Anales Biol 24:34–44Google Scholar
  16. Olaya LA (2001) Entomofauna sucesional en el cadáver de un cánido en condiciones de campo en la Universidad del Valle (Colombia). Cuadernos Med Forense 23:5–14Google Scholar
  17. Payne JA (1965) A summer carrion study of the baby pig Sus scrofa. Ecology 46:592–602Google Scholar
  18. Reed HB (1958) A study of dog carcass communities in Tennessee, with special reference to the insects. Am Midland Nat 59:213–245Google Scholar
  19. Richards EN, Goff ML (1997) Arthropod succession on exposed carrion in three contrasting habitats on Hawaii Island, Hawaii. J Med Entomol 34:328–339PubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. Rodríguez WC, Bass WM (1983) Insect activity and its relationships to decay rates of human cadavers in east Tennesse. J Forensic Sci 28:423–432Google Scholar
  21. Romero JL, Munguía FJ (1986) Contribución al conocimiento de la entomología tanatológica en la provincia de Cádiz (sur de España). Actes des VIIèmes Journées Méditerranéennes de Médecine Légale. Société Méditerrannéenne de Médecine Légale. Seville, 2 au 6 Septembre 1986, pp 131–144Google Scholar
  22. Schoenly K, Griest K, Rhine S (1991) An experimental field protocol for investigating the postmortem interval using multidisciplinary indicators. J Forensic Sci 36:1395–1415PubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. Smith KGV (1986) A manual of forensic entomology. The Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History), LondonGoogle Scholar
  24. Tantawi TI, El-Kady EM, Greenberg B, El-Ghaffar HA (1996) Arthropod succession on exposed rabbit carrion in Alexandria, Egypt. J Med Entomol 33:566–580PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. I. Arnaldos
    • 1
  • E. Romera
    • 1
  • J. J. Presa
    • 1
  • A. Luna
    • 2
  • M. D. García
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Zoology Faculty of BiologyUniversity of Murcia MurciaSpain
  2. 2.Faculty of MedicineUniversity of MurciaMurciaSpain

Personalised recommendations