Highly repetitive DNA sequences that are restricted to the germ line in the hagfish Eptatretus cirrhatus: a mosaic of eliminated elements
- 99 Downloads
The New Zealand hagfish, Eptatretus cirrhatus, is known to eliminate parts of its chromosomes during embryogenesis from presumptive somatic cells. Electrophoresis of germ line and somatic DNAs of this species, after treatment with the restriction endonucleases DraI and EcoRI, revealed three fragments of DNA that were restricted to the germ line. DNA filter hybridization experiments demonstrated that these fragments were present almost exclusively in the germ line DNA of E. cirrhatus and that they were highly and tandemly repeated. Thus, these DNA fragments appeared to be eliminated during embryogenesis. Moreover, one fragment (a DraI fragment) cross-hybridized with the germ line DNA from other species of hagfish, namely, Eptatretus okinoseanus and Paramyxine atami. Molecular cloning and sequence analysis revealed that the DraI fragment was composed mainly of closely related sequences of 85 bp in length and that this sequence was about 75% homologous to the sequence of EEEo2 (eliminated element of E. okinoseanus 2) which is a germ line-restricted and highly repetitive sequence that was isolated previously from E. okinoseanus. The other two fragments were composed of three families of closely related sequences that were 172 bp long (designated EEEc1), 61 bp long (EEEc2) and 54 bp long (EEEc3). Fluorescence in situ hybridization experiments revealed that each eliminated element was distributed on several chromosomes that are limited to germ cells. EEEo2 was dispersed on 12 C-band-positive chromosomes. EEEc1 and EEEc3 were dispersed on all C-band-positive and several C-band-negative chromosomes. By contrast, EEEc2 was located to terminal regions of several C-band-negative chromosomes. These results suggest that the eliminated chromosomes in hagfish are mosaics of highly repeated, germ line-restricted families of DNA sequences.
KeywordsGerm Cell Somatic Cell Molecular Cloning Repetitive Sequence Germ Line
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.