Chromosoma

, Volume 117, Issue 3, pp 267–276

Size and number of tandem repeat arrays can determine somatic homologous pairing of transgene loci mediated by epigenetic modifications in Arabidopsis thaliana nuclei

  • Gabriele Jovtchev
  • Koichi Watanabe
  • Ales Pecinka
  • Faye M. Rosin
  • Michael F. Mette
  • Eric Lam
  • Ingo Schubert
Research Article

Abstract

The chromosomal arrangement of different transgenic repeat arrays inserted at various chromosomal positions was tested by FISH in Arabidopsis 2C leaf and root nuclei. Large lacO (∼10 kb) but not tetO (4.8 kb) or small lacO (∼2 kb) arrays were, in general, more often spatially associated with heterochromatic chromocenters (CC) than flanking regions (that either overlap the array insert position or are between 5 and 163 kb apart from the insert site). Allelic and ectopic pairing frequencies of lacO arrays were significantly increased only in nuclei of lines with two large lacO arrays inserted at different positions on the same chromosome arm. Within the same lines, root nuclei showed a significantly lower increase of pairing frequencies at the insert position compared to leaf nuclei but still a higher frequency than in the wild-type situation. Thus, the frequencies of homologous pairing and association with heterochromatin of transgenic repeats may differ with the construct, the chromosomal insertion position, the cell type and with the number and repetitiveness of inserts. Strong CpG methylation is correlated with a high frequency of homologous pairing at large repeat array loci in somatic cells but has no impact on their association with CCs. These results show that single low-copy arrays apparently do not alter interphase chromatin architecture and are more suitable for chromatin tagging than multiple high copy arrays.

References

  1. Bartova E, Kozubek S (2006) Nuclear architecture in the light of gene expression and cell differentiation studies. Biol Cell 98:323–336CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Berr A, Pecinka A, Meister A, Kreth G, Fuchs J, Blattner FR, Lysak MA, Schubert I (2006) Chromosome arrangement and nuclear architecture but not centromeric sequences are conserved between Arabidopsis thaliana and Arabidopsis lyrata. Plant J 48:771–783CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Cremer T, Cremer C (2006) Rise, fall and resurrection of chromosome territories: a historical perspective Part II. Fall and resurrection of chromosome territories during the 1950s to 1980s. Part III. Chromosome territories and the functional nuclear architecture: experiments and models from the 1990s to the present. Eur J Histochem 50:223–272PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Espada J, Esteller M (2007) Epigenetic control of nuclear architecture. Cell Mol Life Sci 64:449–457CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  5. Fransz P, de Jong JH, Lysak M, Ruffini Castiglione M, Schubert I (2002) Interphase chromosomes in Arabidopsis are organized as well defined chromocenters from which euchromatin loops emanate. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 99:14584–14589CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  6. Fuchs J, Lorenz A, Loidl J (2002) Chromosome associations in budding yeast caused by integrated tandemly repeated transgenes. J Cell Sci 115:1213–1220PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Jasencakova Z, Meister A, Walter J, Turner BM, Schubert I (2000) Histone H4 acetylation of euchromatin and heterochromatin is cell cycle dependent and correlated with replication rather than with transcription. Plant Cell 12:2087–2100CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  8. Kato N, Lam E (2001) Detection of chromosomes tagged with green fluorescent protein in live Arabidopsis thaliana plants. Genome Biol 2:research0045.1–0045.10CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Kato N, Lam E (2003) Chromatin of endoreduplicated pavement cells has greater range of movement than that of diploid guard cells in Arabidopsis thaliana. J Cell Sci 116:2195–2201CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Kruhlak MJ, Celeste A, Dellaire G, Fernandez-Capetillo O, Müller WG, McNally JG, Bazett-Jones DP, Nussenzweig A (2006) Changes in chromatin structure and mobility in living cells at sites of DNA double-strand breaks. J Cell Biol 172:823–834CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  11. Lam E (2005) Chromatin charting: organization and dynamics of plant Nuclear DNA in situ. http://charting.cshl.org/ and http://aesop.rutgers.edu/~lamlab/pccharting.html. Last updated August, 2005
  12. Lam E, Kato N, Watanabe K (2004) Visualizing chromosome structure/organization. Annu Rev Plant Biol 55:537–554CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Martinez-Zapater JM, Estelle A, Somerville R (1986) A highly repeated DNA sequence in Arabidopsis thaliana. Mol Gen Genet 204:417–423CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Matzke AJM, van der Winden J, Matzke M (2003) Tetracycline operator/repressor system to visualize fluorescence-tagged T-DNAs in interphase nuclei of Arabidopsis. Plant Mol Biol Rep 21:9–19CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Matzke AJM, Huettel B, van der Winden J, Matzke M (2005) Use of two-color fluorescence-tagged transgenes to study interphase chromosomes in living plants. Plant Physiol 139:1586–1596CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  16. Matzke AJM, Huettel B, van der Winden J, Matzke MA (2008) Fluorescent transgenes to study interphase chromosomes in living plants. Methods Mol Biol (in press)Google Scholar
  17. Mittelsten Scheid O, Paszkowski J, Potrykus I (1991) Reversible inactivation of a transgene in Arabidopsis thaliana. Mol Gen Genet 228:104–112PubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. Mittelsten Scheid O, Afsar K, Paszkowski J (1998) Release of epigenetic gene silencing by trans-acting mutations in Arabidopsis. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 95:632–637CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. Pecinka A, Schubert V, Meister A, Kreth G, Klatte M, Lysak MA, Fuchs J, Schubert I (2004) Chromosome territory arrangement and homologous pairing in nuclei of Arabidopsis thaliana are predominantly random except for NOR-bearing chromosomes. Chromosoma 113:258–269CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. Pecinka A, Kato N, Meister A, Probst AV, Schubert I, Lam E (2005) Tandem repetitive transgenes and fluorescent chromatin tags alter the local interphase chromosome arrangement in Arabidopsis thaliana. J Cell Sci 118:3751–3758CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. Probst AV, Fransz PF, Paszkowski J, Mittelsten Scheid O (2003) Two means of transcriptional reactivation within heterochromatin. Plant J 33:743–749CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. Schubert V, Klatte M, Pecinka A, Meister A, Jasencakova Z, Schubert I (2006) Sister chromatids are often incompletely aligned in meristematic and endopolyploid interphase nuclei of Arabidopsis thaliana. Genetics 172:467–475CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  23. Taddei A, Hediger F, Neumann FR, Gasser SM (2004) The function of nuclear architecture: a genetic approach. Ann Rev Genet 38:305–345CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. Tessadori F, van Driel R, Fransz P (2004) Cytogenetics as a tool to study gene regulation. Trends Plant Sci 9:147–153CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. Thomann D, Rines DR, Sorger PK, Danuser G (2002) Automatic fluorescent tag detection in 3D with super-resolution: application to the analysis of chromosome movement. J Microscopy 208:49–64CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Watanabe K, Pecinka A, Meister A, Schubert I, Lam E (2005) DNA hypomethylation reduces homologous pairing of inserted tandem repeat arrays in somatic nuclei of Arabidopsis thaliana. Plant J 44:531–540CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gabriele Jovtchev
    • 1
    • 2
  • Koichi Watanabe
    • 1
  • Ales Pecinka
    • 1
    • 3
  • Faye M. Rosin
    • 4
    • 5
  • Michael F. Mette
    • 1
  • Eric Lam
    • 4
  • Ingo Schubert
    • 1
  1. 1.Leibniz-Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research (IPK) GaterslebenGaterslebenGermany
  2. 2.Central Laboratory of General Ecology—BASSofiaBulgaria
  3. 3.Gregor Mendel Institute of Molecular Plant Biology, OeAWViennaAustria
  4. 4.Biotechnology Center for Agriculture and the Environment, RutgersThe State University of New JerseyNew BrunswickUSA
  5. 5.Department of Organismic and Evolutionary BiologyHarvard UniversityCambridgeUSA

Personalised recommendations