Radiation and Environmental Biophysics

, Volume 36, Issue 1, pp 9–16 | Cite as

Leukaemia and thyroid cancer in emergency workers of the Chernobyl accident:

Estimation of radiation risks (1986–1995) Received: 10 July 1996 / Accepted in revised form: 17 December 1996
  • V. K. Ivanov
  • A. F. Tsyb
  • A. I. Gorsky
  • M. A. Maksyutov
  • E. M. Rastopchin
  • A. P. Konogorov
  • A. M. Korelo
  • A. P. Biryukov
  • V. A. Matyash
ORIGINAL PAPER

Abstract

This work focuses on the direct epidemiological assessment of the risks of radiation-induced leukaemia and thyroid cancer in emergency workers (EW) after the Chernobyl accident. The Russian National Medical Dosimetric Registry (RNMDR) contains data for 168 000 EW as of January 1, 1996. The analysis relates to 48 leukaemias and 47 thyroid cancers, diagnosed and verified. Radiation risks are estimated by comparing the EW data with national data for a male population of the same age distribution. For leukaemia, an excess relative risk per Gy (ERR/Gy) of 4.30 (95% CI: 0.83, 7.75) is obtained, while the excess absolute risk per 104 person-years (PY) Gy (EAR/104 PY Gy) is found to be 1.31 (95% CI: 0.23, 2.39); for thyroid cancer an ERR/Gy of 5.31 (95% CI: 0.04, 10.58) is obtained, and an EAR/104 PY Gy of 1.15 (95% CI: 0.08, 2.22).

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. K. Ivanov
    • 1
  • A. F. Tsyb
    • 1
  • A. I. Gorsky
    • 1
  • M. A. Maksyutov
    • 1
  • E. M. Rastopchin
    • 1
  • A. P. Konogorov
    • 1
  • A. M. Korelo
    • 1
  • A. P. Biryukov
    • 1
  • V. A. Matyash
    • 1
  1. 1.Russian Academy of Medical Sciences, Medical Radiological Research Center, 4, Korolev st., 249020 Obninsk, Russian FederationRU

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