Radiation and Environmental Biophysics

, Volume 49, Issue 1, pp 57–65 | Cite as

Pregnancy outcome of women in the vicinity of nuclear power plants in Taiwan

  • Shiow-Ing Wang
  • Long-Teng Lee
  • Ming-Lun Zou
  • Chen-Wei Fan
  • Chin-Liang YaungEmail author
Original Paper


The purpose of the study was to investigate whether proximity to nuclear power plants may increase the risk of abnormal pregnant outcomes among the resident women. In this ecological study, data were used from the Health Services Birth Reports Database established by the Bureau of Health Promotion, National Department of Health, Taiwan, in 2001–2004. Chi-square-tests were carried out to investigate the “Plant-vicinity” and “Non plant-vicinity” group in terms of pregnancy outcome. Additionally, logistic regression was performed to investigate whether residence in the vicinity of a nuclear power plant was related to any abnormal pregnancy results. Based on data from 5,679 included subjects, no difference was observed between pregnancy outcomes of the “Plant-vicinity” and “Non plant-vicinity” groups. After accounting for possible confounders, the adjusted odds ratios were 1.20 (95% CI = 0.56–2.56) for stillbirth, 1.21 (95% CI = 0.95–1.53) for premature birth, 1.04 (95% CI = 0.79–1.37) for low birth weight, and 1.58 (95% CI = 0.85–2.93) for congenital deficiencies, respectively, when comparing the “Plant-vicinity” with the “Non plant-vicinity” group. The results of the study indicate that residence in the vicinity of a nuclear power plant is not a significant factor which will cause abnormal health situations during pregnancy.


Nuclear Power Plant Pregnancy Outcome Newborn Infant Premature Birth Crude Birth Rate 
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Both the present study and the data source used are sponsored by the Bureau of Health Promotion, National Department of Health, Taiwan (BHP94-CH3-001). The findings and conclusions in this article are those of the authors, who are responsible for its content, and do not necessarily represent the views of Bureau of Health Promotion, National Department of Health, Taiwan. We also like to acknowledge the anonymous reviewers who made valuable suggestions during the peer-review process.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shiow-Ing Wang
    • 1
  • Long-Teng Lee
    • 2
  • Ming-Lun Zou
    • 1
  • Chen-Wei Fan
    • 1
  • Chin-Liang Yaung
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Healthcare Administration, College of Health ScienceAsia UniversityTaichungTaiwan
  2. 2.Department of Family MedicineNational Taiwan University HospitalTaipeiTaiwan

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