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Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology

, Volume 166, Issue 3, pp 655–663 | Cite as

An issue honoring Ian S. E. Carmichael

  • Mark S. Ghiorso
  • Gordon Moore
  • Paul J. Wallace
Editorial
  • 1.3k Downloads

Ian Stuart Edward Carmichael (b. 1930–d. 2011; Fig. 1), F.R.S., was one of the pre-eminent petrologists of the last century. He was the executive editor of Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology from 1973 through 1990, during which time he guided the journal to international prominence. The papers that appear in this special issue are dedicated to his enormously creative research career, the impact he made in transforming the field of igneous petrology into a quantitative discipline, and the unparalleled intellectual generosity he showed toward his students and academic colleagues.

Fig. 1

Portrait of Ian Carmichael, taken by Joachim Hampel in 1986 for the occasion of Ian’s receipt of the Bowen Award from the VGP section of the American Geophysical Union

Since his passing, there have been many excellent biographical sketches of Ian’s life and critiques of his research contributions (e.g., Lange, R., 2012, Ian S. E. Carmichael, 1930–2011, Eos Trans. AGU, 93, 68). Our remarks here are not intended to duplicate these. What we wish to call attention to in this preface is the enormous impact that Ian has had through his academic legacy. Throughout his life, Ian devoted himself unhesitatingly to his students, to his academic associates, and to his University. He gave freely of ideas, many of which shaped the careers and reputations of the recipients, yet never demanded recognition of these gifts. If you asked Ian why he was so successful, he would merely say that he was lucky that he had such talented students. This was in fact true, but minimized the enormous impact he had on his student’s lives and abilities. He had a remarkable ability to forge his students into inquisitive, precise, and productive scientists. Ian was a university administrator of unparalleled achievement because he believed in service and the notion that a privileged position in society demands a responsibility to others. He was gregarious, funny, engaging, and dominant, both intellectually and physically. Yet, he was kind and gracious, and cared deeply for the success and achievements of those around him. Ian’s academic legacy is inspiring. Over his long career, he had over 30 Ph.D. students, and these students in turn have careers that are influencing a second generation of students and beyond. To illustrate this, an academic phylogeny of Ian Carmichael is depicted in Fig. 2. The figure shows his students, grand students, and some great-grand students as well as the colleagues and their academic progeny that he inspired and shepherded. To give some sense of the impact that Ian has made through his extraordinary mentoring, of the individuals listed in Fig. 2, nine have received the Bowen Award, two the Kuno Award, and three the Macelwane Medal from the American Geophysical Union, eight the Clarke or Goldschmidt Medal from the Geochemical Society, three the Dana Medal or MSA Award from the Mineralogical Society of America, three the Day Medal from the Geological Society of America, and there are 16 Fellows of the Mineralogical Society of America, eight Fellows of the Geochemical Society, and 15 Fellows of the American Geophysical Union. Few great scientists can claim such a legacy, while at the same time having been equally honored for their own transformative research accomplishments in their discipline.
Fig. 2

Artistic rendering of the academic legacy of Ian Carmichael. Ian’s Ph.D. students are labeled with “horizontal” type and spiral out chronologically. Second, third and fourth generation Ph.D. students and postdoctoral associates are propagated outward from their advisors and labeled in the growing direction of the spiral. Close academic associates of Ian are labeled in capital letters along with their Ph.D. students to differentiate them from Ian’s direct advisory lineage. Concept and artwork by Véronique Robigou. A full scale (36 by 25 inches) high-resolution image of this figure may be downloaded from www.ofm-research.org/Carmichael/

The papers included in this special issue were largely contributed by students and colleagues who knew Ian Carmichael well. They form a diverse selection of topics spanning theory, observation, and experiment. These papers parallel and reflect the breath of his own scientific interests. It is with honor and humility that we present this special issue of Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology in the memory of a great petrologist and scientific mentor, whose contributions will continue to shape the lives of generations to come.

Chronological bibliography of Ian S. E. Carmichael

1960

Carmichael, I.S.E., 1960. The pyroxenes and olivines from some Tertiary acid glasses. Journal of Petrology 1, 309–336.

1961

Carmichael, I.S.E., McDonald, A., 1961. The colorimetric and polarographic determination of some trace elements in the standard rocks G-1 And W-1. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 22, 87–93.

Carmichael, I.S.E., McDonald, A., 1961. The geochemistry of some natural acid glasses from the North Atlantic Tertiary Volcanic Province. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 25, 189–222.

1962

Carmichael, I.S.E., 1962. Pantelleritic liquids and their phenocrysts. Mineralogical Magazine 30, 86–113.

Stanton, R.E., McDonald, A.J., Carmichael, I.S.E., 1962. The determination of some trace elements in silicate rocks. Analyst 87, 134–139.

1963

Carmichael, I.S.E., 1963. The crystallization of feldspar in volcanic acid liquids. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London 119, 95–131.

Carmichael, I.S.E., MacKenzie, W.S., 1963. Feldspar-liquid equilibria in pantellerites—An experimental study. American Journal of Science 261, 382–396.

1964

Carmichael, I.S.E., 1964. The petrology of Thingmuli, a Tertiary volcano in Eastern Iceland. Journal of Petrology 5, 435–460.

Carmichael, I.S.E., 1964, Natural liquids and the phonolitic minimum. Geological Journal 4, 55–60.

Carmichael, I.S.E., MacKenzie, W.S., 1964. The lattice parameters of high-temperature triclinic sodic feldspars. Mineralogical Magazine 33, 949–962.

1965

Carmichael, I.S.E., 1965. Trachytes and their feldspar phenocrysts. Mineralogical Magazine 34, 107–125.

1967

Carmichael, I.S.E., 1967. The mineralogy of Thingmuli, a Tertiary volcano In Eastern Iceland. American Mineralogist 52, 1815–1841.

Carmichael, I.S.E., 1967. The iron–titanium oxides of salic volcanic rocks and their associated ferromagnesian silicates. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 14, 36–64.

Carmichael, I.S.E., 1967. The mineralogy and petrology of the volcanic rocks from the Leucite Hills, Wyoming. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 15, 24–66.

Carmichael, I.S.E., Nicholls, J., 1967. The iron–titanium oxides and oxygen fugacities in volcanic rocks. Journal of Geophysical Research-Solid Earth 72, 4665–4687.

Al-Rawi, Y., Carmichael, I.S.E., 1967. A note on the natural fusion of granite. American Mineralogist 52, 1806–1814.

1968

Carmichael, I.S.E., Hampel, J., Jack, R.N., 1968. Analytical data on USGS standard rocks. Chemical Geology 3, 59–64.

Smith, A.L., Carmichael, I.S.E., 1968. Quaternary lavas from the Southern Cascades, Western U.S.A. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 19, 212–238.

1969

Carmichael, I.S.E., 1969. Crystallization paths of feldspathoidal lavas. Transactions-American Geophysical Union 50, 354.

Brown,F.H., Carmichael, I.S.E., 1969. Quaternary volcanoes of the Lake Rudolf region: I. The basanite-tephrite series of the Korath Range. Lithos 2, 239–260.

Jack, R.N., Carmichael, I.S.E., 1969. The chemical “fingerprinting” of acid volcanic rocks. California Division of Mines and Geology Short Contributions to California Geology, Special Report 100, 17–32.

Nash, W.P., Carmichael, I.S.E., Johnson, R.W., 1969. The mineralogy and petrology of Mount Suswa, Kenya. Journal of Petrology 10, 409–439.

Nicholls, J., Carmichael, I.S.E., 1969. A commentary on the absarokite-shoshonite-banakite series of Wyoming, U.S.A. Schweizer Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen 49, 47–64.

Smith, A.L., Carmichael, I.S.E., 1969. Quaternary trachybasalts from Southeastern California. American Mineralogist 54, 909–923.

1970

Carmichael, I.S.E., Nicholls, J., Smith, A.L., 1970. Silica activity in igneous rocks. American Mineralogist 55, 246–263.

Lowder, G.G., Carmichael, I.S.E., 1970. Volcanoes and caldera of Talasea, New Britain. Geology and petrology. Geological Society of America Bulletin 81, 17–38.

Peterman, Z.E., Carmichael, I.S.E., Smith, A.L., 1970. Sr87/Sr86 ratios of Quaternary lavas of Cascade Range, Northern California. Geological Society of America Bulletin 81, 311–318.

Peterman, Z.E., Carmichael, I.S.E., Smith, A.L., 1970. Strontium isotopes In Quaternary basalts of Southeastern California. Earth Planetary Science Letters 7, 381–384.

Peterman, Z.E., Lowder, G.G., Carmichael, I.S.E., 1970. Sr87/Sr86 Ratios of Talasea Series, New-Britain, Territory of New-Guinea. Geological Society of America Bulletin 81, 39–40.

Stormer, J.C., Carmichael, I.S.E., 1970. Kudo-Weill plagioclase geothermometer and porphyritic acid glasses. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 28, 306–309.

Stormer, J.C., Jr, Carmichael, I.S.E., 1970. Villiaumite and the occurrence of fluoride minerals in igneous rocks. American Mineralogist 55, 126–134.

1971

Brown,F.H., Carmichael, I.S.E., 1971. Quaternary volcanoes of the Lake Rudolf region: II. The lavas of North Island, South Island, and the Barrier. Lithos 4, 305–323.

Ewart, A., Green, D.C., Carmichael, I.S.E., Brown, F.H., 1971. Voluminous low temperature rhyolitic magmas In New Zealand. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 33, 128–144.

Nicholls, J., Carmichael, I.S.E., Stormer, J.C., 1971. Silica activity and Ptotal in igneous rocks. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 33, 1–20.

Stormer, J.C., Carmichael, I.S.E., 1971. Fluorine-hydroxyl exchange in apatite and biotite: Potential igneous geothermometer. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 31, 121–131.

Stormer, J.C., Carmichael, I.S.E., 1971. The free energy of sodalite and the behavior of chloride, fluoride and sulfate in silicate magmas. American Mineralogist 56, 292–306.

1972

Nicholls, J., Carmichael, I.S.E., 1972. The equilibration temperature and pressure of various lava types with spinel- and garnet-peridotite. American Mineralogist 57, 941–959.

1973

Bacon, C.R., Carmichael, I.S.E., 1973. Stages in PT path of ascending basalt magma: Example from San Quintin, Baja-California. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 41, 1–22.

Bowles, F.A., Jack, R.N., Carmichael, I.S.E., 1973. Investigation of deep-sea volcanic ash layers from Equatorial Pacific cores. Geological Society of America Bulletin 84, 2371–2388.

Heming, R.F., Carmichael, I.S.E., 1973. High-Temperature pumice flows from Rabaul Caldera Papua, New Guinea. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 38, 1–20.

Wood, B.J., Carmichael, I.S.E., 1973. Ptotal, \( {\text P_{{{\text H}}_{2} {\text O}}}\) and the occurrence of cummingtonite in volcanic rocks. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 40, 149–158.

1974

Carmichael, I.S.E., Turner, F.J., Verhoogen, J., 1974. Igneous Petrology. McGraw-Hill, New York, 739 pp.

Marsh, B.D., Carmichael, I.S.E., 1974. Benioff zone magmatism. Journal of Geophysical Research-Solid Earth 79, 1196–1206.

1975

Ewart, A., Hildreth, W., Carmichael, I.S.E., 1975. Quaternary acid magma In New Zealand. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 51, 1–27.

1977

Carmichael, I.S.E., Nicholls, J., Spera, F.J., Wood, B.J., Nelson, S.A., 1977. High-temperature properties of silicate liquids: Applications to the equilibration and ascent of basic magma. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London A 286, 373–431.

1978

Beswick, A.E., Carmichael, I.S.E., 1978. Constraints on mantle source compositions imposed by phosphorus and rare-earth elements. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 67, 317–330.

1979

Carmichael, I.S.E., 1979. Glass and the glassy rocks, In, Yoder, H.S. Jr (editor), The Evolution of the Igneous Rocks. Fiftieth Anniversary Perspectives. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey, 233–244.

Ghiorso, M.S., Carmichael, I., Moret, L.K., 1979. Inverted high-temperature quartz: Unit-cell parameters and properties of the α-β Inversion. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 68, 307–323.

Nelson, S.A., Carmichael, I.S.E., 1979. Partial molar volumes of oxide components in silicate liquids. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 71, 117–124.

1980

Beswick, A.E., Carmichael, I., 1980. Constraints on mantle source compositions imposed by phosphorus and the rare-earth elements—Reply. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 75, 175–178.

Ghiorso, M.S., Carmichael, I., 1980. Regular solution model for met-aluminous silicate liquids: Applications to geothermometry, immiscibility, and the source regions of basic magmas. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 71, 323–342.

Luhr, J.F., Carmichael, I.S.E., 1980. Colima Volcanic Complex, Mexico. I. Post-caldera andesites from Volcán Colima. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 71, 343–372.

Sack, R.O., Carmichael, I.S.E., Rivers, M., Ghiorso, M.S., 1980. Ferric-ferrous equilibria in natural silicate liquids at 1 bar. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 75, 369–376.

Weill, D.F., Stebbins, J.F., Hon, R., Carmichael, I.S.E., 1980. The enthalpy of fusion of anorthite. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 74, 95–102.

1981

Baldridge, W.S., Carmichael, I.S.E., Albee, A.L., 1981. Crystallization paths of leucite-bearing lavas: Examples from Italy. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 76, 321–335.

Ghiorso, M.S., Carmichael, I.S.E., 1981. A FORTRAN-IV computer program for evaluating temperatures and oxygen fugacities from the compositions of coexisting iron–titanium oxides. Computers and Geosciences 7, 123–129.

Kyser, T.K., Oneil, J.R., Carmichael, I., 1981. Oxygen isotope thermometry of basic lavas and mantle nodules. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 77, 11–23.

Luhr, J.F., Carmichael, I.S.E., 1981. The Colima Volcanic Complex, Mexico: Part II. Late-Quaternary Cinder Cones. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 76, 127–147.

1982

Kyser, T.K., Oneil, J.R., Carmichael, I., 1982. Genetic relations among basic lavas and ultramafic nodules: Evidence from oxygen isotope compositions. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 81, 88–102.

Luhr, J.F., Carmichael, I.S.E., 1982. The Colima Volcanic Complex, Mexico: III. Ash- and scoria-fall deposits from the upper slopes of Volcán Colima. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 80, 262–275.

Mo, X., Carmichael, I.S.E., Rivers, M., Stebbins, J.F., 1982. The partial molar volume of Fe2O3 in multicomponent silicate liquids and the pressure-dependence of oxygen fugacity in magmas. Mineralogical Magazine 45, 237–245.

Stebbins, J.F., Weill, D.F., Carmichael, I.S.E., Moret, L.K., 1982. High-temperature heat contents and heat-capacities of liquids and glasses in the system NaAlSi3O8–CaAl2Si2O8. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 80, 276–284.

1983

Ghiorso, M.S., Carmichael, I., Rivers, M.L., Sack, R.O., 1983. The Gibbs free energy of mixing of natural silicate liquids; An expanded regular solution approximation for the calculation of magmatic intensive variables. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 84, 107–145.

Kilinc, A., Carmichael, I.S.E., Rivers, M.L., Sack, R.O., 1983. The ferric-ferrous ratio of natural silicate liquids equilibrated in air. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 83, 136–140.

Stebbins, J.F., Carmichael, I.S.E., Weill, D.E., 1983. The high-temperature liquid and glass heat contents and the heats of fusion of diopside, albite, sanidine and nepheline. American Mineralogist 68, 717–730.

1984

Allan, J.F., Carmichael, I.S.E., 1984. Lamprophyric lavas in the Colima Graben, SW Mexico. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 88, 203–216.

Ghiorso, M.S., Carmichael, I., 1984. Density calculations for silicate liquids. 1. Revised method for aluminosilicate compositions—Comment. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 48, 401–408.

Luhr, J.F., Carmichael, I.S.E., Varekamp, J.C., 1984. The 1982 eruptions of El Chichón Volcano, Chiapas, Mexico: Mineralogy and petrology of the anhydrite-bearing pumices. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research 23, 69–108.

Nelson, S.A., Carmichael, I.S.E., 1984. Pleistocene to recent alkalic volcanism in the region of Sanganguey Volcano, Nayarit, Mexico. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 85, 321–335.

Sack, R.O., Carmichael, I.S.E., 1984. Fe2+ ⇔ Mg2+ and TiAl2 ⇔ MgSi2 exchange-reactions between clinopyroxenes and silicate melts. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 85, 103–115.

Stebbins, J.F., Carmichael, I.S.E., 1984. The heat of fusion of fayalite. American Mineralogist 69, 292–297.

Stebbins, J.F., Carmichael, I.S.E., Moret, L.K., 1984. Heat capacities and entropies of silicate liquids and glasses. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 86, 131–148.

1985

Ghiorso, M.S., Carmichael, I., 1985. Chemical mass transfer in magmatic processes. II. Applications in equilibrium crystallization, fractionation and assimilation. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 90, 121–141.

Hasenaka, T., Carmichael, I., 1985. The cinder cones of Michoacán-Guanajuato, Central Mexico: Their age, volume and distribution, and magma discharge rate. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research 25, 105–124.

Luhr, J.F., Carmichael, I.S.E., 1985. Jorullo Volcano, Michoacán, Mexico (1759–1774): The earliest stages of fractionation in calc-alkaline magmas. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 90, 142–161.

Luhr, J.F., Nelson, S.A., Allan, J.F., Carmichael, I.S.E., 1985. Active rifting in Southwestern Mexico: Manifestations of an incipient Eastward spreading-ridge jump. Geology 13, 54–57.

Mahood, G.A., Gilbert, C.M., Carmichael, I.S.E., 1985. Peralkaline and metaluminous mixed-liquid ignimbrites of the Guadalajara Region, Mexico. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research 25, 259–271.

Murdoch, J.B., Stebbins, J.F., Carmichael, I.S.E., 1985. High-resolution Si29 NMR-study of silicate and aluminosilicate glasses: The effect of network-modifying cations. American Mineralogist 70, 332–343.

Mysen, B.O., Carmichael, I.S.E., Virgo, D., 1985. A comparison of iron redox ratios in silicate-glasses determined by wet-chemical and Fe57 Mössbauer resonant absorption methods. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 90, 101–106.

1986

Carmichael, I., Ghiorso, M.S., 1986. Oxidation–reduction relations in basic magma: A case for homogeneous equilibria. Earth Planetary Science Letters 78, 200–210.

Christie, D.M., Carmichael, I.S.E., Langmuir, C.H., 1986. Oxidation-states of mid-ocean ridge basalt glasses. Earth Planetary Science Letters 79, 397–411.

Kyser, T.K., Oneil, J.R., Carmichael, I.S.E., 1986. Possible non-equilibrium oxygen isotope effects in mantle nodules, An alternative to the Kyser-O’Neil-Carmichael O18–O16 geothermometer—Reply. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 93, 120–123.

Lange, R.A., Carmichael, I.S.E., Stebbins, J.F., 1986. Phase-transitions in leucite (KAlSi2O6), orthorhombic KAlSiO4, and their iron analogs (KFeSi2O6, KFeSiO4). American Mineralogist 71, 937–945.

Stebbins, J.F., Murdoch, J.B., Carmichael, I.S.E., Pines, A., 1986. Defects and short-range order in nepheline group minerals: A Si29 Nuclear-Magnetic-Resonance study. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals 13, 371–381.

1987

Ghiorso, M.S., Carmichael, I.S.E., 1987. Modeling magmatic systems—Petrologic applications. Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry 17, 467–499.

Hasenaka, T., Carmichael, I.S.E., 1987. The cinder cones of Michoacan Guanajuato, Central Mexico—Petrology and chemistry. Journal of Petrology 28, 241–269.

Lange, R.A., Carmichael, I.S.E., 1987. Densities of Na2O–K2O–CaO–MgO–FeO–Fe2O3–Al2O3–TiO2–SiO2 liquids—New measurements and derived partial molar properties. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 51, 2931–2946.

Mattioli, G.S., Wood, B.J., Carmichael, I.S.E., 1987. Ternary-spinel volumes in the system MgAl2O4–Fe3O4–γFe8/3O4—Implications for the effect of P on intrinsic fO2 measurements of mantle-xenolith spinels. American Mineralogist 72, 468–480.

Rivers, M.L., Carmichael, I.S.E., 1987. Ultrasonic studies of silicate melts. Journal of Geophysical Research-Solid Earth 92, 9247–9270.

Sack, R.O., Walker, D., Carmichael, I.S.E., 1987. Experimental petrology of alkalic lavas—Constraints on cotectics of multiple saturation in natural basic liquids. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 96, 1–23.

1988

Kress, V.C., Carmichael, I.S.E., 1988. Stoichiometry of the iron oxidation reaction in silicate melts. American Mineralogist 73, 1267–1274.

Kress, V.C., Williams, Q., Carmichael, I., 1988. Ultrasonic investigation of melts in the system Na2O–Al2O3–SiO2. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 52, 283–293.

Murdoch, J.B., Stebbins, J.F., Carmichael, I.S.E., Pines, A., 1988. A Si29 Nuclear Magnetic-Resonance Study of silicon-aluminum ordering in leucite and analcite. Physics Chemistry of Minerals 15, 370–382.

1989

Carmichael, I.S.E., 1989. Presentation of the Mineralogical Society of America Award for 1988 to Jeanloz, Raymond. American Mineralogist 74, 719.

Kress, V.C., Carmichael, I.S.E., 1989. The lime-iron-silicate melt system—Redox and volume systematics. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 53, 2883–2892.

Kress, V.C., Williams, Q., Carmichael, I., 1989. When is a silicate melt not a liquid? Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 53, 1687–1692.

Lange, R.A., Carmichael, I.S.E., 1989. Ferric-ferrous equilibria in Na2O–FeO–Fe2O3–SiO2 melts—Effects of analytical techniques on derived partial molar volumes. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 53, 2195–2204.

Luhr, J.F., Allan, J.F., Carmichael, I.S.E., Nelson, S.A., Hasenaka, T., 1989. Primitive calc-alkaline and alkaline rock types from the Western Mexican Volcanic Belt. Journal of Geophysical Research Solid Earth 94, 4515–4530.

Wallace, P.J., Carmichael, I.S.E., 1989. Minette lavas and associated leucitites from the Western Front of The Mexican Volcanic Belt—Petrology, chemistry, and origin. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 103, 470–492.

1990

Carmichael, I.S.E., Ghiorso, M.S., 1990. The effect of oxygen fugacity on the redox state of natural liquids and their crystallizing phases. Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry 24, 191–212.

Lange, R.A., Carmichael, I.S.E., 1990. Hydrous basaltic andesites associated with minette and related lavas in Western Mexico. Journal of Petrology 31, 1225–1259.

Lange, R.L., Carmichael, I.S.E., 1990. Thermodynamic properties of silicate liquids with emphasis on density, thermal-expansion and compressibility. Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry 24, 25–64.

Luhr, J.F., Carmichael, I.S.E., 1990. Petrological monitoring of cyclical eruptive activity at Volcán Colima, Mexico. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research 42, 235–260.

1991

Carmichael, I.S.E., 1991. The redox states of basic and silicic magmas—A reflection of their source regions. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 106, 129–141.

Kress, V.C., Carmichael, I.S.E., 1991. The compressibility of silicate liquids containing Fe2O3 and the effect of composition, temperature, oxygen fugacity and pressure on their redox states. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 108, 82–92.

Lange, R.A., Carmichael, I.S.E., 1991. A potassic volcanic front in Western Mexico—The lamprophyric and related lavas of San Sebastian. Geological Society of America Bulletin 103, 928–940.

Allan, J.F., Nelson, S.A., Luhr, J.F., Carmichael, I.S.E., Wopat, M., Wallace, P. (1991) Pliocene-Holocene rifting and associated volcanism in SW Mexico: an exotic terrain in the making. In: Dauphin, J.P., Simoneit, B.R.T. (eds) The Gulf and Peninsular Province of the Californias. AAPG Memoir 47, 425–445.

1992

Righter, K., Carmichael, I.S.E., 1992. Hawaiites and related lavas in the Atenguillo graben, Western Mexican Volcanic Belt. Geological Society of America Bulletin 104, 1592–1607.

Snyder, D.A., Carmichael, I.S.E., 1992. Olivine-liquid equilibria and the chemical activities of FeO, NiO, Fe2O3, and MgO in natural basic melts. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 56, 303–318.

Wallace, P.J., Carmichael, I.S.E., 1992. Sulfur in basaltic magmas. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 56, 1863–1874.

Wallace, P.J., Carmichael, I.S.E., 1992. Alkaline and calc-alkaline lavas near Los-Volcanes, Jalisco, Mexico—Geochemical diversity and its significance in volcanic arcs. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 111, 423–439.

Wallace, P.J., Carmichael, I.S.E., Righter, K., Becker, T.A., 1992. Volcanism and tectonism in Western Mexico—A contrast of style and substance. Geology 20, 625–628.

1993

Lange, R.A., Carmichael, I.S.E., Renne, P.R., 1993. Potassic volcanism near Mono Basin, California—Evidence for high water and oxygen fugacities inherited from subduction. Geology 21, 949–952.

Righter, K., Carmichael, I.S.E., 1993. Mega-xenocrysts in alkali olivine basalts—Fragments of disrupted mantle assemblages. American Mineralogist 78, 1230–1245.

Snyder, D., Carmichael, I.S.E., Wiebe, R.A., 1993. Experimental-study of liquid evolution in an Fe-Rich, layered mafic intrusion—Constraints of Fe–Ti oxide precipitation on the T-fO2 and T-ρ paths of tholeiitic magmas. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 113, 73–86.

1994

Moore, G., Marone, C., Carmichael, I.S.E., Renne, P., 1994. Basaltic volcanism and extension near the intersection of the Sierra Madre volcanic province and the Mexican Volcanic Belt. Geological Society of America Bulletin 106, 383–394.

Snyder, D., Gier, E., Carmichael, I.S.E., 1994. Experimental determination of the thermal-conductivity of molten CaMgSi2O6 and the transport of heat through magmas. Journal of Geophysical Research-Solid Earth 99, 15503–15516.

Snyder, D.A., Carmichael, I.S.E., 1994. Olivine-liquid equilibria and the chemical activities of FeO, NiO, Fe2O3, and MgO in natural basic melts, (errata for 56, 303–318, 1992). Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 58, 1044.

Wallace, P.J., Carmichael, I.S.E., 1994. S-speciation in submarine basaltic glasses as determined by measurements of S Kα X-Ray Wavelength Shifts. American Mineralogist 79, 161–167.

Wallace, P.J., Carmichael, I.S.E., 1994. Petrology of Volcán Tequila, Jalisco, Mexico—disequilibrium phenocryst assemblages and evolution of the subvolcanic magma system. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 117, 345–361.

1995

Carmichael, I.S.E., 1995. Introduction of Lange, Rebecca, A. for the 1995 F W Clarke Award. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 59, 4569–4570.

Moore, G., Righter, K., Carmichael, I.S.E., 1995. The effect of dissolved water on the oxidation-state of iron in natural silicate liquids. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 120, 170–179.

Moore, G., Vennemann, T., Carmichael, I.S.E., 1995. Solubility of water in magmas to 2 kbar. Geology 23, 1099–1102.

Righter, K., Carmichael, I.S.E., Becker, T.A., Renne, P.R., 1995. Pliocene-Quaternary volcanism and faulting at the intersection of the Gulf of California and the Mexican Volcanic Belt. Geological Society of America Bulletin 107, 612–626.

Snyder, D., Gier, E., Carmichael, I.S.E., 1995. Experimental determination of the thermal-conductivity of molten CaMgSi2O6 and the transport of heat through magmas—Reply. Journal of Geophysical Research-Solid Earth 100, 22403–22405.

1996

Carmichael, I.S.E., Lange, R.A., Luhr, J.F., 1996. Quaternary minettes and associated volcanic rocks of Mascota, western Mexico: A consequence of plate extension above a subduction modified mantle wedge. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 124, 302–333.

Gier, E.J., Carmichael, I.S.E., 1996. Thermal conductivity of molten Na2SiO3 and CaNa4Si3O9. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 60, 355–357.

Lange, R.A., Carmichael, I.S.E., 1996. The Aurora volcanic field, California-Nevada: Oxygen fugacity constraints on the development of andesitic magma. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 125, 167–185.

Righter, K., Carmichael, I.S.E., 1996. Phase equilibria of phlogopite lamprophyres from western Mexico: Biotite-liquid equilibria and P–T estimates for biotite-bearing igneous rocks. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 123, 1–21.

1997

Melbourne, T., Carmichael, I.S.E., DeMets, C., Hudnut, K., Sanchez, O., Stock, J., Suarez, G., Webb, F., 1997. The geodetic signature of the M8.0 October 9, 1995, Jalisco subduction earthquake. Geophysical Research Letters 24, 715–718.

Snyder, D., Gier, E., Carmichael, I., 1997. Experimental determination of the thermal conductivity of molten CaMgSi2O6 and the transport of heat through magmas—Reply. Journal of Geophysical Research-Solid Earth 102, 15077–15080.

1998

Blatter, D.L., Carmichael, I., 1998. Plagioclase-free andesites from Ziticuaro (Michoacan), Mexico: petrology and experimental constraints. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 132, 121–138.

Blatter, D.L., Carmichael, I., 1998. Hornblende peridotite xenoliths from central Mexico reveal the highly oxidized nature of sub-arc upper mantle. Geology 26, 1035–1038.

Carmichael, I.S.E., 1998. Acceptance of the Roebling medal of the Mineralogical Society of America for 1997. American Mineralogist 83, 914–915.

Moore, G., Carmichael, I., 1998. The hydrous phase equilibria (to 3 kbar) of an andesite and basaltic andesite from western Mexico: constraints on water content and conditions of phenocryst growth. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 130, 304–319.

Moore, G., Vennemann, T., Carmichael, I.S.E., 1998. An empirical model for the solubility of H2O in magmas to 3 kilobars. American Mineralogist 83, 36–42.

1999

Wallace, P.J., Carmichael, I.S.E., 1999. Quaternary volcanism near the Valley of Mexico: Implications for subduction zone magmatism and the effects of crustal thickness variations on primitive magma compositions. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 135, 291–314.

2000

Lange, R.A., Carmichael, I.S.E., Hall, C.M., 2000. Ar40/Ar39 chronology of the Leucite Hills, Wyoming: eruption rates, erosion rates, and an evolving temperature structure of the underlying mantle. Earth Planetary Science Letters 174, 329–340.

Lange, R.A., Carmichael, I.S.E., Hall, C.M., 2000. Ar40/Ar39 chronology of the Leucite Hills, Wyoming: eruption rates, erosion rates, and an evolving temperature structure of the underlying mantle (errata for 174, 329–340, 2000). Earth Planetary Science Letters 178, 427.

2001

Blatter, D.L., Carmichael, I., 2001. Hydrous phase equilibria of a Mexican high-silica andesite: A candidate for a mantle origin? Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 65, 4043–4065.

Blatter, D.L., Carmichael, I., Deino, A.L., Renne, P.R., 2001. Neogene volcanism at the front of the central Mexican volcanic belt: Basaltic andesites to dacites, with contemporaneous shoshonites and high-TiO2 lava. Geological Society of America Bulletin 113, 1324–1342.

2002

Carmichael, I.S.E., 2002. The andesite aqueduct: perspectives on the evolution of intermediate magmatism in west-central (105–99° W) Mexico. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 143, 641–663.

Wood, B.J., Carmichael, I.S.E., 2002. Professor W. S. MacKenzie, 1920–2001—Obituary. Mineralogical Magazine 66, 465–466.

2003

Blatter, D.L., Carmichael, I., Deino, A.L., Renne, P., 2003. Discussion and reply: Neogene volcanism at the front of the central Mexican Volcanic Belt: Basaltic andesites to dacites, with contemporaneous shoshonites and high-TiO2 lava—Reply. Geological Society of America 115, 1021–1024.

2004

Barclay, J., Carmichael, I.S.E., 2004. A hornblende basalt from western Mexico: Water-saturated phase relations constrain a pressure–temperature window of eruptibility. Journal of Petrology 45, 485–506.

Carmichael, I.S.E., 2004. Presentation of the Mineralogical Society of America Dana Medal for 2003 to Mark S. Ghiorso. American Mineralogist 89, 909.

Carmichael, I.S.E., 2004. The activity of silica, water, and the equilibration of intermediate and silicic magmas. American Mineralogist 89, 1438–1446.

Carmichael, I.S.E. (editor), 2004. Landmark Papers in Volcanic Petrology. Mineralogical Society of Great Britain and Ireland, 319 pp.

2006

Carmichael, I.S.E., Frey, H.M., Lange, R.A., Hall, C.M., 2006. The Pleistocene cinder cones surrounding Volcán Colima, Mexico re-visited: eruption ages and volumes, oxidation states, and sulfur content. Bulletin of Volcanology 68, 407–419.

Carmichael, I.S.E., Lange, R.A., Hall, C.M., Renne, P.R., 2006. Faulted and tilted Pliocene olivine tholeiite lavas near Alturas, NE California, and their bearing on the uplift of the Warner Range. Geological Society of America Bulletin 118, 1196–1211.

2007

Blatter, D.L., Farmer, G.L., Carmichael, I.S.E., 2007. A north–south transect across the central Mexican volcanic belt at ~100° W: Spatial distribution, petrological, geochemical, and isotopic characteristics of quaternary volcanism. Journal of Petrology 48, 901–950.

Frey, H.M., Lange, R.A., Hall, C.M., Delgado-Granados, H., Carmichael, I.S.E., 2007. A Pliocene ignimbrite flare-up along the Tepic-Zacoalco rift: Evidence for the initial stages of rifting between the Jalisco block (Mexico) and North America. Geological Society of America Bulletin 119, 49–64.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mark S. Ghiorso
    • 1
  • Gordon Moore
    • 2
  • Paul J. Wallace
    • 3
  1. 1.OFM ResearchSeattleUSA
  2. 2.Earth and Environmental SciencesUniversity of MichiganAnn ArborUSA
  3. 3.Geological SciencesUniversity of OregonEugeneUSA

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