Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology

, Volume 148, Issue 4, pp 489–501 | Cite as

Petrogenesis of the Mesozoic intrusive complexes from the southern Taihang Orogen, North China Craton: elemental and Sr–Nd–Pb isotopic constraints

  • B. Chen
  • B. M. Jahn
  • Y. Arakawa
  • M. G. Zhai
Original Paper


A geochemical and isotopic study was carried out for three Mesozoic intrusive suites (the Xishu, Wu’an and Hongshan suites) from the North China Craton (NCC) to understand their genesis and geodynamic implications. The Xishu and Wu’an suites are gabbroic to monzonitic in composition. They share many common geochemical features like high Mg# and minor to positive Eu anomalies in REE patterns. Initial Nd–Sr isotopic compositions for Xishu suite are ɛNd(135 Ma)=−12.3 to −16.9 and mostly ISr = 0.7056–0.7071; whereas those for Wu’an suite are slightly different. Pb isotopic ratios for Xishu suite are (206Pb/204Pb)i = 16.92–17.3, (207Pb/204Pb)i=15.32–15.42, (208Pb/204Pb)i=37.16–37.63, which are slightly higher than for Wu’an suite. The Xishu–Wu’an complexes are considered to originate from partial melting of an EM1-type mantle source, followed by significant contamination of lower crustal components. The Hongshan suite (mainly syenite and granite) shows distinctly higher ɛNd(135 Ma) values (−8 to −11) and slightly higher Pb isotopic ratios than the Xishu–Wu’an suites. It was formed via fractionation of a separate parental magma that also originated from the EM1-type mantle source, with incorporation of a small amount of lower crustal components. Partial melting of the mantle sources took place in a back-arc extensional regime that is related to the subduction of the paleo-Pacific slab beneath the NCC.


Partial Melting Lower Crust Mantle Source Lithospheric Mantle North China Craton 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



Chen is grateful to Qiao GS, Zhang RH and Chu ZY (Beijing), and to Nicole Morin (Rennes), for their assistance in isotope analysis. We thank B. Litvinovsky and H. Martin for their constructive comments that helped to improve the manuscript. This work is supported by a Chinese Academy of Sciences grant (KZCX-107), a Natural Science Foundation of China grant (No.40372033), and a JSPS invitation fellowship (Japan).


  1. Arakawa Y, Shinmura T (1995) Nd–Sr isotopic and geochemical characteristics of two contrasting types of calc-alkaline plutons in the Hida Belt, Japan. Chem Geol 124:217–232CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Arth JG (1976) Behavior of trace elements during magmatic processes—a summary of theoretical models and their applications. J Res US Geol Surv 4:41–47Google Scholar
  3. Brooks CK, Henderson P, Ronsbo JG (1981) Rare earth element partitioning between allanite and glass in the Obsidian of Sandy Braes, northern Ireland. Mineral Mag 44:157–160Google Scholar
  4. Cai JH, Yan GH, Chang ZS, Wang XF, Shao HX, Chu ZY (2003) Petrological and geochemical characteristics of the Wang’an complex and discussion on its genesis (in Chinese with English abstract). Acta Petrol Sin 19:81–92Google Scholar
  5. Chen B, Zhai MG (2003) Geochemistry of late Mesozoic lamprophyre dykes from the Taihang Mountains, north China, and implications for the sub-continental lithospheric mantle. Geol Mag 140:87–93CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Chen B, Jahn BM, Wei C (2002a) Petrogenesis of Mesozoic granitoids in the Dabie UHP complex, central China: trace element and Nd-Sr isotope evidence. Lithos 60:67–88CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Chen B, Zhai MG, Shao J (2002b) Petrogenesis and significance of the Mesozoic North Taihang complex: major and trace element evidence. Sci China (D) 46:941–953Google Scholar
  8. Chen B, Jahn BM, Zhai MG (2003) Sr-Nd isotopic characteristics of the Mesozoic magmatism in the Taihang-Yanshan orogen, north China craton, and implications for Archean lithosphere thinning. J Geol Soc Lond 160:963–970Google Scholar
  9. Davis GA, Zheng YD, Wang C, Darby BJ, Zhang C, Gehrels G (1998) Geometry and geochronology of Yanshan Belt tectonics. In: Collected works of international symposium on geological science. Seismic Press, Beijing, pp 275–292Google Scholar
  10. Deng JF, Liu HX, Zhao HL, Luo ZH, Guo ZF, Li YW (1996) The Yanshanian igneous rocks and orogeny model in Yanshan-Liaoning area, North China (In Chinese with English abstract). Geoscience 10:137–147Google Scholar
  11. DePaolo DJ (1981) Trace element and isotopic effects of combined wallrock assimilation and fractional crystallization. Earth Planet Sci Lett 53:189–202CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Fan QC, Liu RX, Li HM, Li N, Sui JL, Lin ZR (1998) Zircon ages and REE geochemistry of granulite enclaves from the Hannuoba basalts. Chin Sci Bull 43:133–137Google Scholar
  13. Gao S, Rudnick RL, Carlson RW, McDonough WF, Liu Y (2002) Re–Os evidence for replacement of ancient mantle lithosphere beneath the North China craton. Earth Planet Sci Lett 198:307–322CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Harris C, Marsh JS, Milner SC (1999) Petrology of the alkaline core of the Messum igneous complex, Namibia: evidence for the progressively deceasing effect of crustal contamination. J Petrol 40:1377–1397CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Hart SR (1984) A large-scale isotope anomaly in the Southern Hemisphere mantle. Nature 309:753–757Google Scholar
  16. Huang FS, Xue SZ (1990) Petrology and geochemistry of the Han-Xing intrusive complex: implications for its origin (In Chinese). Acta Petrol Mineral 9:40–45Google Scholar
  17. Jahn BM, Auvray B, Shen QH, Liu, DY, Zhang Z, Dong YJ, Ye XJ, Zhang QZ, Cornichet J, Macé J (1988) Archean crustal evolution in China: the Taishan complex, and evidence for juvenile crustal addition from long-term depleted mantle. Precambrian Res 38:381–403CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Jahn BM, Wu FY, Chen B (2000) Granitoids of the Central Asian Orogenic Belt and continental growth in the Phanerozoic. Trans R Soc Edinb Earth Sci 91:181–193Google Scholar
  19. Litvinovsky BA, Steele IM, Wickham SM (2000) Silicic magma formation in overthickened crust: melting of charnockite and leucogranite at 15, 20 and 25 kbar. J Petrol 41:717–737CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Litvinovsky BA, Jahn BM, Zanvilevich AN, Shadaev MG (2002) Crystal fractionation in the petrogenesis of an alkali monzodiorite-syenite series: the Oshurkovo plutonic sheeted complex, Transbaikalia, Russia. Lithos 41:97–130CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Ma XY (1989) Lithospheric dynamics atlas of China (in Chinese). China Cartographic Publishing House, BeijingGoogle Scholar
  22. Mao JW, Wang YT, Zhang ZH, Yu JJ, Niu BG (2003) Geodynamic settings of Mesozoic large-scale mineralization in North China and adjacent areas. Sci China 46:838–851CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Maruyama S (1997) Pacific-type orogeny revised: Miyashiro-type orogeny proposed. Island Arc 6:91–120Google Scholar
  24. Masuda A, Nakamura N, Tanaka T (1973) Fine structures of mutually normalized rare-earth patterns of chondrites. Geochim Cosmochim Acta 37:239–248CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Maury R, Defant C, Joron MJ (1992) Metasomatism of the sub-arc mantle inferred from trace elements in Philippines xenoliths. Nature 360:661CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. McKenzie DP (1989) Some remarks on the movement of small melt fractions in the mantle. Earth Planet Sci Lett 95:53–72CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Menzies MA, Xu YG (1998) Geodynamics of the North China Craton. In: Flower MFJ, Chung SL, Lo CH, Lee TY (eds) Mantle dynamics and plate interactions in East Asia. Geophysical Monograph: American Geophysical Union 27:155–165Google Scholar
  28. Menzies MA, Fan WM, Zhang M (1993) Palaeozoic and Cenozoic lithoprobes and loss of >120 km of Archean lithosphere, Sino-Korean craton, China. In: Prichard HM, Alabaster T, Harris NBW, Neary CR (eds) Magmatic processes and plate tectonics. Geol Soc Spec Publ 76:71–81Google Scholar
  29. Middlemost EAK (1994) Naming materials in the magma/igneous rock system. Earth Sci Rev 37:215–224CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Montel JM, Vielzeuf D (1997) Partial melting of greywackes: Part II. Composition of minerals and melts. Contrib Mineral Petrol 128:176–196CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Nash WP, Crecraft HR (1985) Partition coefficients for trace elements in silicic magmas. Geochim Cosmochim Acta 49:2309–2322CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Peng TP, Wang YJ, Fan WM, Peng BX, Guo F (2004) SHRIMP zircon U-Pb geochronology of the diorites for the southern Taihang Mountains in Central North Interior and its petrogenesis (in Chinese with English abstract). Acta Petrol Sin (in press) Google Scholar
  33. Qian Q, Chung SL, Lee TY, Wen DJ (2002) Geochemical characteristics and petrogenesis of the Badaling high Ba–Sr granitoids: a comparison of igneous rocks from North China and the Dabie-Sulu Orogen. Acta Petrol Sinica 18:275–292Google Scholar
  34. Qiao G (1988) Normalization of isotopic dilution analyses—a new program for isotope mass spectrometric analysis. Sci Sin 31:1263–1268Google Scholar
  35. Rapp RP, Watson EB (1995) Dehydration melting of metabasalt at 8–32 kbar: implications for continental growth and crust-mantle recycling. J Petrol 36:891–931Google Scholar
  36. Sengor AMC, Natal’in BA (1996) Paleotectonics of Asia: fragments of a synthesis. In: Yin A, Harrison TM (eds) The tectonic evolution of Asia. Cambridge Univ Press, Cambridge, pp 486–641Google Scholar
  37. Song Y, Frey FA, Zhi XC (1990) Isotopic characteristics of Hannuoba basalts, eastern China: implications for their petrogenesis and the composition of subcontinental mantle. Chem Geol 85:35–52CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Sun SS, McDonough WE (1989) Chemical and isotopic systematics of oceanic basalts: implications for mantle composition and processes. In: Saunders AD, Norry MJ (eds) Magmatism in the Ocean Basins. Geol Soc Lond Spec Publ 42:313–345Google Scholar
  39. Wang LG., Qiu YM, McNaughton NJ, Groves DI, Luo ZK, Miao L, Liu YK (1998) Constraints on crustal evolution and gold metallogeny in the northwestern Jiaodong Peninsula, China, from SHRIMP U–Pb zircon studies of granitoids. Ore Geology Rev 13:243–258CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Wolf MB, Wyllie JP (1994) Dehydration-melting of amphibolite at 10 kbar: the effects of temperature and time. Contrib Mineral Petrol 115:369–383Google Scholar
  41. Wu FY, Jahn BM, Wilde S, Lo CH, Yui TF, Lin Q, Ge WC, Sun DY (2003) Highly fractionated I-type granites in NE China (I): geochronology and petrogenesis. Lithos 66:241–273CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Xu YG (2001) Thermo-tectonic destruction of the Archean lithospheric keel beneath the Sino-Korean craton in China: evidence, timing and mechanism. Phys Chem Earth (A) 26:747–757CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Xu WL, Lin JQ (1991) Dunite enclave found in a diorite pluton in Han-Xing district, Hebei province (N China), and implications (in Chinese). Acta Geol Sinica 65:33–41Google Scholar
  44. Zhang HF, Sun M, Zhou XH, Fan WM, Zhai MG, Yin JF (2002) Mesozoic lithosphere destruction beneath the North China Craton: evidence from major-, trace-element and Sr-Nd-Pb isotope studies of Fangcheng basalts. Contrib Mineral Petrol 144:241–253Google Scholar
  45. Zhou XM, Li WX (2000) Origin of late Mesozoic igneous rocks in southeastern China: Implications for lithosphere subduction and underplating of mafic magmas. Tectonophysics 326:269–287CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Zhu BQ (1991) Evidence of isotopic systematics from crust and mantle for chemical heterogeneities of terranes. Chin Sci Bull 36:1279–1282Google Scholar
  47. Zindler A, Hart SR (1986) Chemical geodynamics. Ann Rev Earth Planet Sci 14:493–571CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. Chen
    • 1
    • 3
  • B. M. Jahn
    • 2
  • Y. Arakawa
    • 3
  • M. G. Zhai
    • 4
  1. 1.School of Earth and Space SciencesPeking UniversityBeijingChina
  2. 2.Department of GeosciencesNational Taiwan UniversityTaipeiTaiwan
  3. 3.Institute of GeosciencesThe University of TsukubaIbaraki-kenJapan
  4. 4.Institute of Geology and GeophysicsChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina

Personalised recommendations