Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology

, Volume 146, Issue 4, pp 485–492 | Cite as

Characterization of water in synthetic rhyolitic glasses and natural melt inclusions by Raman spectroscopy

  • Aliouka Chabiron
  • Jacques PirononEmail author
  • Dominique Massare
Original Paper


Raman spectroscopy was used to analyze quantitatively water in silicate glasses and melt inclusions and to monitor H2O–OH speciation. Calibration is based on synthetic glasses with various water contents (0.02–7.67% H2O); water determination and OH–H2O differentiation on the area of the Si–O broad band at 468 cm–1 and the asymmetric O–H band at 3,550 cm–1. Each Raman spectrum has been decomposed into four Gaussian + Lorentzian components centered at 3,330, 3,458, 3,560, and 3,626 cm–1 using the Levenberg–Marquardt algorithm. These components are interpreted to be two different types of H2O molecule sites. The influence of the temperature on the loss of water is more important for molecular water than for the hydroxyl groups. The H2O–OH partition confirms the typical evolution of water speciation in rhyolitic glasses as a function of the bulk water content. Method limitations have been studied for the application to natural melt inclusions.


Raman Spectroscopy Molecular Water Band Area Water Determination Raman Microspectroscopy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The authors wish to thank R. Clocchiatti (CEN/Saclay, France) for helpful discussions and for providing samples from Mont Dore, San Pietro, and Guadeloupe; C. Peiffert (CREGU, France) and F. Gibert (Université de Clermont-Ferrand, France), respectively, for the preparation and for heating the standard glasses.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Aliouka Chabiron
    • 1
  • Jacques Pironon
    • 1
    Email author
  • Dominique Massare
    • 2
  1. 1.CREGU-UMR G2R 7566, BP 239France
  2. 2.Laboratoire Pierre SüeCEN/SaclayFrance

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