RV Fractional Area Change and TAPSE as Predictors of Severe Right Ventricular Dysfunction in Pulmonary Hypertension: A CMR Study
The right ventricular ejection fraction (RVEF) is a surrogate marker of right ventricular function in pulmonary hypertension (PH), but its measurement is complicated and time consuming. The tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) measures only the longitudinal component of RV contraction while the right ventricular fractional area change (RVFAC) takes into account both the longitudinal and the transversal components. The aim of our study was to evaluate the relationship between RVEF, RVFAC, and TAPSE according to hemodynamic severity in two groups of patients with PH: pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) and chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH).
Methods and Results
Fifty-four patients with PAH (n = 15) and CTEPH (n = 39) underwent right heart catheterization and cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR). The ventricular volumes and areas, TAPSE, and eccentricity index were measured. The RVFAC was more strongly correlated with the RVEF (r = 0.81, p < 0.0001) than the TAPSE (r = 0.63, p < 0.0001). RVEF < 35% was better predicted by the RVFAC than the TAPSE (TAPSE: AUC = 0.77 and RVFAC: AUC = 0.91; p = 0.042). In the group with the worse hemodynamic status, the RVFAC correlated much better with the RVEF than the TAPSE. There were no significant differences in the CMR data analyzed between the groups of PAH and CETPH patients.
The RVFAC is a good index to estimate RVEF in PH patients; even better than the TAPSE in patients with more severe hemodynamic profile, possibly for including the transversal component of right ventricular function in its measurement. Furthermore, RVFAC performance was similar in the two PH groups (PAH and CTEPH).
KeywordsRight ventricular dysfunction Pulmonary hypertension Cardiac ventricles Hemodynamics RVFAC TAPSE
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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