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Lowered Serum dipeptidyl peptidase IV activity in patients with anorexia and bulimia nervosa

  • D. van West
  • P. Monteleone
  • A. Di Lieto
  • I. De Meester
  • C. Durinx
  • S. Scharpe
  • A. Lin
  • M. Maj
  • M. Maes
Original paper

Abstract

The aim of this study was to examine whether anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa are accompanied by lower serum activity of dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP IV, EC 3.4.14.5), a membrane-bound serine protease that catalyses the cleavage of dipeptides from the amino-terminus of oligo- and polypeptides. Substrates of DPP IV are, amongst others, neuroactive eptides, such as substance P, growth hormone releasing hormone, neuropeptide Y, and peptide YY. DPP IV activity was measured in the serum of 21 women with anorexia nervosa, 21 women with bulimia nervosa and 18 normal women. Serum ¶DPP IV activity was significantly lower in patients with anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa than in the normal controls. In the total study group, there were significant and inverse relationships between serum DPP IV activity and the total scores on the Bulimic Investigatory Test, Edinburgh, the Eating Disorder Inventory (EDI) and the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale. In the total study group no significant correlations between DPP IV and age, body weight or body mass index could be found. It is concluded that lowered serum DPP IV activity takes part in the pathophysiology of anorexia and bulimia nervosa. It is hypothesised that a combined dysregulation of DPP IV and neuroactive peptides, which are substrates of DPP IV, e.g. neuropeptide Y and peptide YY, could be an integral component of eating disorders.

Key words Anorexia Bulimia Peptidases Dipeptidyl ¶peptidase IV Neuropeptides 

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Copyright information

© Steinkopff Verlag 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. van West
    • 1
  • P. Monteleone
    • 2
  • A. Di Lieto
    • 2
  • I. De Meester
    • 3
  • C. Durinx
    • 3
  • S. Scharpe
    • 3
  • A. Lin
    • 1
  • M. Maj
    • 2
  • M. Maes
    • 1
  1. 1.Clinical Research Center for Mental Health (CRC-MH), Antwerp, BelgiumBE
  2. 2.Department of Psychiatry, Universita’ di Napoli, ItalyIT
  3. 3.Department of Clinical Biochemistry, University of Antwerp, Wilrijk, BelgiumBE

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