The evaluation of tinnitus and auditory brainstem response in benign paroxysmal positional vertigo accompanied by tinnitus

A Correction to this article was published on 20 November 2020

This article has been updated

Abstract

Purpose

The aim of this study is to investigate auditory brainstem response (ABR) in patients with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) accompanied by tinnitus and to suggest possible interpretative hypotheses.

Methods

Ninety individuals were included in the study. Individuals were separated into three groups: patients reporting tinnitus with BPPV (Group I), patients with BPPV (Group II), and a control group. The ABR test was applied at a low and at a high rate.

Results

For patients reporting tinnitus with BPPV, tinnitus was found to be localized in the ear affected by BPPV. Tinnitus disappeared after therapeutic interventions in 23 individuals with tinnitus. The difference between the Wave V  latency at high rate and Wave V  latency at a low rate in the affected ears of all individuals with BPPV (Groups I and II) was significantly long. In the affected ears of all BPPV patients, at a high rate of ABR, the absolute latency of the Wave III was found to be significantly longer than for the control group.

Conclusions

Individuals with BPPV showed prolonged latencies in affected ears in a high rate of ABR without the effect of tinnitus. High rate of ABR in individuals with BPPV can be used to obtain preliminary information in cases where ischemia in the auditory pathways is suspected in BPPV formation.

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Change history

  • 20 November 2020

    Corrections proposed to be made in the final version were transferred by mistake to the online article. The original article has been corrected. In the original publication of the article, under the abstract, the following sentence.

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Correspondence to Banu Müjdeci.

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The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institution or practice at which the studies were conducted.”Local Ethics Committee of Ankara Yıldırım Beyazıt University approved. (17.01.2018/10).

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Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

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The original online version of this article was revised due to some errors were found under abstract, introduction, ABR and in tables 1, 2, 3 and corrected in this version.

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Kocabaş, E., Kutluhan, A. & Müjdeci, B. The evaluation of tinnitus and auditory brainstem response in benign paroxysmal positional vertigo accompanied by tinnitus. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00405-020-06413-w

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Keywords

  • Tinnitus
  • Auditory brainstem response
  • Dizziness
  • Ischemia
  • BPPV