As the pathological cause of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV), the dislocation or degeneration of otoconia in the utricle and saccule is suggested. Vestibular evoked myogenic potential (VEMP) could reflect otolithic dysfunction due to these etiologies of BPPV. The aim of this study was to validate the clinical significance of cervical (c) and ocular (o) VEMP in BPPV by a meta-analysis of previous articles.
Articles related to BPPV with data on cVEMP and oVEMP were collected. The following keywords were used to search PubMed and Scopus for English language articles: benign paroxysmal positional vertigo or BPPV and vestibular evoked myogenic potential or VEMP.
The p13 latency in cVEMP and n1 latency in oVEMP were slightly but significantly prolonged in BPPV patients compared to control patients. AR in oVEMP of BPPV patients also showed higher value than that of control patients. However, the n23 latency and AR in cVEMP and p1 latency in oVEMP showed no significant difference between BPPV and control patients. Furthermore, latencies in VEMPs also showed no significant difference between an affected and a non-affected ear in BPPV patients.
Our results indicated that otolith dysfunction of BPPVs was detected by latencies in VEMPs, and AR in oVEMP more sensitively reflects the difference between affected and non-affected ears in BPPV patients. The otolith dysfunction of BPPV might be induced by the systemic condition. However, the differences of latencies between BPPV patients and control patients were too small to use VEMPs as a prognostic predictor.
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Oya, R., Imai, T., Takenaka, Y. et al. Clinical significance of cervical and ocular vestibular evoked myogenic potentials in benign paroxysmal positional vertigo: a meta-analysis. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 276, 3257–3265 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00405-019-05674-4
- Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo
- Vestibular evoked myogenic potential