Evaluation of health-related quality of life with EORTC QLQ-C30 and QLQ-H&N35 in Romanian laryngeal cancer patients
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The aims of this study were to evaluate the health-related quality of life (HRQL) according to: type of surgery, adjuvant oncological treatment and postoperative complications. We performed a retrospective case–control study between October 2013 and November 2014 at the Ear Nose and Throat Clinic of Cluj-Napoca. We included patients diagnosed with laryngeal or hypopharyngeal cancer treated with total or partial laryngectomy, and a sample of healthy volunteers recruited from the hospital stuff. We used the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EOTRC) core questionnaires (the QLQ-C30 version 3) and the head and neck cancer module (the QLQ-H&N35). We included in the study 80 patients diagnosed and surgically treated for laryngeal/hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma and 20 healthy volunteers. Median age of the patients was 59.90 years. The most common location was the larynx, in 72 (90 %) of cases and the hypopharynx in 8 (10 %) cases. Sixty-six (82, 50 %) underwent total laryngectomy and 14 (17, 50 %) a partial laryngectomy. Forty-eight patients had received external radiation therapy, with adjuvant chemotherapy in 25 patients. Postoperative complication rates were 14 (17, 50 %) cases. We found a low score in total laryngectomy group regarding functional scales: role (28.03), emotional (37.75) and social (37.88) and a high score on insomnia (35.86) and financial difficulties (45.45). Partial laryngectomy group had a high score on functional scales: role (47.62), emotional (51.19) and social (52.38). These two QOL instruments were effective for Romanian patients. The QLQ-H&N35 questionnaire discriminating better the problems between groups compared with QLQ-C30.
KeywordsQuality of life Laryngeal cancer EORTC QLQ-C30 EORTC QLQ-H&N35
This paper was published under the frame of European Social Fund, Human Resources Development Operational Programme 2007-2013, project no. POSDRU/159/1.5/S/138776 and SWARA Project, PN-II-PT-PCCA-2013-4-1660, Contract no. 6/2014.
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