Analysis of snoring sound by psychoacoustic parameters
- 379 Downloads
The analysis of snoring sounds has been in focus for the past two decades. Conventional approaches by fast Fourier transformation face various limitations and demonstrate the necessity for alternative methods of investigation. Psychoacoustic analyses which are common for environmental noise analyses propose a potential approach. The present study investigates the psychoacoustic qualities (loudness, sharpness, roughness) of three different real snoring sounds (primary snoring, PS; Upper airway resistance syndrome, UARS; obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, OSAS) and their alterations under increasing, artificially created sound pressure levels (SPL) from 60–85 dB. PS and UARS were detected to obtain a greater loudness as well as a higher increase under increasing SPL than OSAS. The sharpness was higher in PS and UARS, remaining stable under rising SPL compared to OSAS. The intensities of roughness were at higher levels for PS compared to URAS and OSAS, with an increase of all snoring sounds under rising SPL. By merging the psychoacoustic qualities, an individual acoustic fingerprint can be created to differentiate the three types of snoring. A potential application is proposed for the analysis of snoring sounds during polysomnography as well as for an adequate evaluation of the annoyance by snoring sounds.
KeywordsSnoring Analysis Psychoacoustic OSAS UARS
Conflict of interest
There is no conflict of interest for any of the authors.
- 2.Aures W (1985) A procedure for calculating auditory roughness. Acoustica 58:268–281Google Scholar
- 4.DIN45631 Procedure for calculating loudness level and loudnessGoogle Scholar
- 5.Fastl H, Zwicker E (2010) Psychoacoustics: facts and models. Springer, BerlinGoogle Scholar