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Alcohol ingestion influences the nocturnal cardio-respiratory activity in snoring and non-snoring males

  • Michael HerzogEmail author
  • Randolf Riemann
Miscellaneous

Abstract

Night time alcohol ingestion influences nocturnal breathing in patients with sleep apnea syndrome or respiratory diseases. To evaluate the influence of nocturnal alcohol ingestion on the cardio-respiratory activity of healthy men, 8 snoring and 13 non-snoring male subjects were measured for 3 nights after alcohol ingestion. Blood alcohol concentration was 0.0, 0.5 and 0.8%, respectively. During each night polysomnographic data were obtained and analyzed. The apnea-hypopnea index was significantly higher in snoring than in non-snoring participants and increased in both groups under the influence of alcohol. Non-snoring males showed a significant increase of hypopneas under nocturnal alcohol ingestion (0.96–1.65–2.06). Mean oxygen saturation (SAO2) was significantly higher in non-snoring compared to snoring males, and both groups showed a significant decrease (non-snoring: 96.06%–95.7%–95.52%; snoring: 95.54%–94.74%–94.53%). Snoring individuals had a significant decrease in SAO2 during NREM4, whereas SAO2 was reduced significantly in REM and NREM3 in non-snoring subjects. The nocturnal heart rate was significantly increased in both groups under the influence of alcohol. The study proves that snoring and non-snoring healthy males are affected by nocturnal alcohol ingestion. Under the effect of alcohol, these patients can develop signs of a sleep apnea syndrome, which should be considered clinically.

Keywords

Alcohol OSAS Snoring Polysomnography 

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© Springer-Verlag is a part of Springer Science+Business Media 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck SurgeryUniversitätsklinikum WürzburgWürzburgGermany
  2. 2.Department of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck SurgeryStädtisches Klinikum HöchstFrankfurtGermany

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