Idiopathic systemic capillary leak syndrome is a rare disease characterized by recurrent episodes of hypotension, hypoalbuminemia and peripheral edema caused by capillary hyperpermeability with approximately 350 documented cases worldwide. We report herein the case of a 22-year-old primiparous patient with an unusual compartment syndrome represented with spontaneous massive vulvar edema. Treatment consisted of volume replacement and intravenous polyvalent immunoglobulins perfusions. Vulvar edema was treated surgically by incision and drainage with favorable outcome. The pregnancy follow-up did not show any fetal abnormalities. The childbirth at 35 weeks was natural and the newborn was healthy.