To compare pregnancy outcomes in women with pPROM and a cervical cerclage in whom the cerclage was removed within 24 h and those in whom the cerclage was retained in situ.
A two-center retrospective cohort study of women with a singleton gestation with pPROM at < 340/7 weeks of gestation in the presence of cervical cerclage (January 1, 2012–July 30, 2016). Maternal and perinatal outcomes were compared between women in whom cerclage was removed within 24 h from pPROM and those in whom cerclage was retained until the onset of delivery. The primary outcome was time from pPROM to delivery.
Seventy women met inclusion criteria. Cerclage was left in situ in 47 (67.1%) and removed in 23 (32.9%) women. Women in the cerclage retention group had a higher pPROM-to-delivery interval (7.0 ± 7.2 vs. 6.0 ± 10.9 days, p = 0.03), and were more likely to have a latency period > 48 h (87.2% vs. 65.2%, p = 0.03; aOR 3.9, 95% CI 3.1–4.9) or > 7 days (29.8% vs. 8.7%, p = 0.04; aOR 7.0, 95% CI 2.5–19.6) compared with women in whom cerclage was removed. Furthermore, chorioamnionitis rate was lower in the cerclage retention group compared to cerclage removal group (aOR 0.7, 95% CI 0.5–1.0). There were no differences between the groups in early neonatal sepsis, severe brain injury, or composite neonatal outcome.
In women with pPROM and cervical cerclage, retention of cerclage may be associated with a longer latency period, and a lower chorioamnionitis rate, without an associated increase in the risk of neonatal infectious morbidity.
Presentation information: The abstract of this study was presented as a poster at the 38th SMFM (Society of Maternal and Fetal Medicine) annual meeting, February 2018, Dallas, Texas, USA.