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Cesarean section and the risk of neonatal respiratory distress syndrome: a meta-analysis

  • Yan Li
  • Caixia Zhang
  • Dongfeng ZhangEmail author
Review
  • 41 Downloads

Abstract

Purpose

To explore the association between cesarean section (CS) and the risk of neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (RDS).

Methods

We searched PubMed, Web of Science, and ClinicalTrials.gov database for studies related to the association between CS and the risk of neonatal RDS up to 25 August 2018. The pooled odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated using a random-effects model (REM).

Results

A total of 26 studies from 25 available articles were included in this meta-analysis. For the association between CS and the risk of neonatal RDS, the pooled OR was 1.76 (95% CI 1.48–2.09). The pooled OR of the risk of neonatal RDS was 2.38 (95% CI 1.89–2.99) for elective CS and 1.85 (95% CI 1.34–2.56) for emergency CS.

Conclusion

This meta-analysis suggested that CS, elective CS, and emergency CS were associated with an increased risk of neonatal RDS.

Keywords

Cesarean section Epidemiology studies Meta-analysis Neonatal respiratory distress syndrome 

Notes

Author’s contribution

YL: conceived the study, designed the study, drafted the manuscript, carried out the literature search and data extraction, interpreted the result of the analysis, and reviewed and revised the manuscript critically. CZ: carried out the literature search and data extraction, interpreted the result of the analysis, and reviewed and revised the manuscript critically. DZ: conceived the study, designed the study, drafted the manuscript, and reviewed and revised the manuscript critically. All authors approved the final manuscript as submitted and agree to be accountable for all aspects of the work.

Funding

This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Epidemiology and Health StatisticsThe College of Public Health of Qingdao UniversityQingdaoPeople’s Republic of China

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