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Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics

, Volume 286, Issue 4, pp 947–952 | Cite as

Skin adhesive low-level light therapy for dysmenorrhoea: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, pilot trial

  • Yong-Il Shin
  • Nam-Gyun Kim
  • Kyoung-Jun Park
  • Dong-Wook Kim
  • Gi-Youn Hong
  • Byung-Cheul Shin
General Gynecology

Abstract

Purpose

The cause of dysmenorrhoea is an abnormal function of smooth muscles in the uterus due to long-term deficient blood supply into smooth muscle tissue. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of skin adhesive low-level light therapy (LLLT) in participants with dysmenorrhoea.

Methods

Thirty-one women were included in this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, pilot trial. Twenty-one women were treated with active LLLT and ten women were treated with placebo one. The therapy was performed in a laboratory room for 20 min a day over a period of 5 days prior to the expected onset of menstruation. The outcome was measured using a visual analog scale (VAS) for each participant’s dysmenorrhoeal pain severity. VAS of each subject was measured every month for 6 months.

Results

In the active LLLT group, 16 women reported successful results during their first menstrual cycle just after active LLLT and 5 women had successful results from the second menstrual cycle after active LLLT. The pain reduction rate was 83 % in the active LLLT group, whereas there was only a slight and temporary reduction in pain in the placebo LLLT group. Changes of VAS within 6 months of LLLT showed statistical significance (p = 0.001) over placebo control.

Conclusions

Our study suggests that skin adhesive LLLT on acupuncture points might be an effective, simple and safe non-pharmacological treatment for dysmenorrhoea.

Keywords

Low-level light therapy Dysmenorrhoea Acupuncture point Smooth muscle relaxation 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by the Grant of the Korean Ministry of Education, Science and Technology (The Regional Core Research Program/Center for Healthcare Technology Development). All devices used in this study were supported by Color Seven Company.

Conflict of interest

All authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yong-Il Shin
    • 1
  • Nam-Gyun Kim
    • 2
  • Kyoung-Jun Park
    • 2
  • Dong-Wook Kim
    • 2
  • Gi-Youn Hong
    • 3
  • Byung-Cheul Shin
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Pusan National University School of Medicine, Research Institute for Convergence of Biomedical Science and TechnologyPusan National University Yangsan HospitalYangsanKorea
  2. 2.Department of Healthcare Engineering, Graduate SchoolChonbuk National UniversityJeonjuKorea
  3. 3.Department of Obstetrics and GynecologyWonkwang University School of Medicine, Wonkwang University HospitalIksanKorea
  4. 4.Division of Clinical Medicine, School of Korean MedicinePusan National UniversityYangsanKorea

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