Advertisement

Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics

, Volume 284, Issue 3, pp 647–650 | Cite as

Hakim Esmail Jorjani (1042–1137 ad): Persian physician and jurist

  • Seyed Fazel Hosseini
  • Farid Alakbarli
  • Kamyar Ghabili
  • Mohammadali M. Shoja
General Gynecology

Abstract

The great 11th–12th century Persian physician Seyed Esmail Jorjani (known as Hakim Jorjani) is known for his 750,000 word encyclopedia of medicine, the Treasure of King Khwarazm, which has been ranked along with Avicenna’s Canon and the works of Haly Abbas. Translations of this work provide modern readers with a detailed insight into medical practice in medieval Persia. Parts of the Treasure are devoted to guidance about midwifery and perinatal care. In this article we present translations of excerpts from this part of the work.

Keywords

Medieval Persian medicine Obstetrics Perinatal Abortion 

Notes

Acknowledgment

The authors are grateful to Dr. Paul S. Agutter for his critical review of this manuscript prior to submission.

Conflict of interest

None.

References

  1. 1.
    Shoja MM, Tubbs RS, Khalili M, Khodadoost K, Loukas M, Cohen-Gadol AA (2010) Esmail Jorjani (1042–1137) and his descriptions of trigeminal neuralgia, hemifacial spasm, and Bell’s palsy. Neurosurgery 67:431–434PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Sirjani S (1976) Introduction. In: Zakhireye Khwaram Shahi (Treasure of Khwarazm Shah) [in Persian]. Entesharat-e Bonyad-e Farhand-e Iran, Tehran, pp 1–8Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Safa Z (1999) History of Persian literature (Tarikh-e-Adanyyat-e-Iran) [in Persian], vol 2. Ferdows Publisher, Tehran, p 315Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Shoja MM, Tubbs RS (2007) The history of anatomy in Persia. J Anat 210:359–378PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Shoja MM, Tubbs RS, Ardalan MR, Loukas M, Eknoyan G, Salter EG, Oakes WJ (2007) Anatomy of the cranial nerves in medieval Persian literature: Esmail Jorjani (AD 1042–1137) and the treasure of the Khwarazm shah. Neurosurgery 61:1325–1330PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Jorjani E (1976) Zakhireye Khwaram Shahi (Treasure of Khwarazm Shah) edited by Sirjani S [in Persian]. Entesharat-e Bonyad-e Farhang-e Iran, Tehran, pp 556–558Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Tajbakhsh H (2005) Introduction. In: Esmail Jorjani’s Al-Aghraz al-Tibbia va al-Mabahess al-Alaiia [in Persian]. Tehran University Press, TehranGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Browne AG (1962) Arabian medicine. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Elgood C (1952) A medical history of Persia and the eastern Caliphate. Cambridge University Press, LondonGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Rahavard H (1954) Fehrest-e kotob-e khatti-ye Ketabkhane-ye Daneshkade-ye Pezeshki (Bibliography of manuscripts in the library of Tehran faculty of medicine) [in Persian]. Faculty of Medicine Press, Tehran, pp 222–223Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Ljunggren JG (1983) Who was the man behind the syndrome: Ismail al-Jurjani, Testa, Flagani, Parry, Graves or Basedow? Use the term hyperthyreosis instead [in Swedish]. Lakartidningen 80:2902PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Ameli NO (1965) Avicenna and trigeminal neuralgia. J Neurol Sci 2:105–107PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Flamm ES (2007) Comments on anatomy of the cranial nerves in medieval Persian literature: Esmail Jorjani (AD 1042–1137) and the treasure of the Khwarazm shah. Neurosurgery 61:1331Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Jevitt CM, Morse S, O’Donnell YS (2008) Shoulder dystocia: nursing prevention and posttrauma care. J Perinat Neonatal Nurs 22:14–20PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Whitehead E (1999) Sudden sensorineural hearing loss with fracture of the stapes footplate following sneezing and parturition. Clin Otolaryngol Allied Sci 24:462–464PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Kamo I, Kaiho Y, Canon TW, Chancellor MB, de Groat WC, Prantil RL, Vorp DA, Yoshimura N (2006) Functional analysis of active urethral closure mechanisms under sneeze induced stress condition in a rat model of birth trauma. J Urol 176:2711–2715PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Artuso A, Rocchi B, Garbo S, Baudino G, Repetti F (1993) The conservative treatment of placenta accrete. A clinical case report [in Italian]. Minerva Ginecol 45:433–437PubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Bader G, Jelen H, Quarello E, Guyot B, Limot O, Ville Y (2007) Interest of modern imagery for conservative management of a placenta percreta [in French]. Gynecol Obstet Fertil 35:142–148PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Herraiz T, González D, Ancín-Azpilicueta C, Arán VJ, Guillén H (2010) Beta-carboline alkaloids in Peganum harmala and inhibition of human monoamine oxidase (MAO). Food Chem Toxicol 48:839–843PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Ott J (1996) Pharmahuasca: on phenethylamines and potentiation. Newsletter of the multidisciplinary association for psychedelic studies, vol 6, pp 32–34Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Riddle JM (1992) Contraception and abortion from the ancient world to the Renaissance. Harvard University Press, Cambridge MA, p 28Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Seyed Fazel Hosseini
    • 1
  • Farid Alakbarli
    • 2
  • Kamyar Ghabili
    • 3
  • Mohammadali M. Shoja
    • 4
  1. 1.Azerbaijan National Academy of SciencesBakuAzerbaijan
  2. 2.Institute of Manuscripts of the Azerbaijan National Academy of SciencesBakuAzerbaijan
  3. 3.Tuberculosis and Lung Disease Research CenterTabriz University of Medical SciencesTabrizIran
  4. 4.Department of NeurosurgeryIndiana UniversityIndianapolisUSA

Personalised recommendations