Hakim Esmail Jorjani (1042–1137 ad): Persian physician and jurist
- 263 Downloads
The great 11th–12th century Persian physician Seyed Esmail Jorjani (known as Hakim Jorjani) is known for his 750,000 word encyclopedia of medicine, the Treasure of King Khwarazm, which has been ranked along with Avicenna’s Canon and the works of Haly Abbas. Translations of this work provide modern readers with a detailed insight into medical practice in medieval Persia. Parts of the Treasure are devoted to guidance about midwifery and perinatal care. In this article we present translations of excerpts from this part of the work.
KeywordsMedieval Persian medicine Obstetrics Perinatal Abortion
The authors are grateful to Dr. Paul S. Agutter for his critical review of this manuscript prior to submission.
Conflict of interest
- 2.Sirjani S (1976) Introduction. In: Zakhireye Khwaram Shahi (Treasure of Khwarazm Shah) [in Persian]. Entesharat-e Bonyad-e Farhand-e Iran, Tehran, pp 1–8Google Scholar
- 3.Safa Z (1999) History of Persian literature (Tarikh-e-Adanyyat-e-Iran) [in Persian], vol 2. Ferdows Publisher, Tehran, p 315Google Scholar
- 6.Jorjani E (1976) Zakhireye Khwaram Shahi (Treasure of Khwarazm Shah) edited by Sirjani S [in Persian]. Entesharat-e Bonyad-e Farhang-e Iran, Tehran, pp 556–558Google Scholar
- 7.Tajbakhsh H (2005) Introduction. In: Esmail Jorjani’s Al-Aghraz al-Tibbia va al-Mabahess al-Alaiia [in Persian]. Tehran University Press, TehranGoogle Scholar
- 8.Browne AG (1962) Arabian medicine. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
- 9.Elgood C (1952) A medical history of Persia and the eastern Caliphate. Cambridge University Press, LondonGoogle Scholar
- 10.Rahavard H (1954) Fehrest-e kotob-e khatti-ye Ketabkhane-ye Daneshkade-ye Pezeshki (Bibliography of manuscripts in the library of Tehran faculty of medicine) [in Persian]. Faculty of Medicine Press, Tehran, pp 222–223Google Scholar
- 13.Flamm ES (2007) Comments on anatomy of the cranial nerves in medieval Persian literature: Esmail Jorjani (AD 1042–1137) and the treasure of the Khwarazm shah. Neurosurgery 61:1331Google Scholar
- 20.Ott J (1996) Pharmahuasca: on phenethylamines and potentiation. Newsletter of the multidisciplinary association for psychedelic studies, vol 6, pp 32–34Google Scholar
- 21.Riddle JM (1992) Contraception and abortion from the ancient world to the Renaissance. Harvard University Press, Cambridge MA, p 28Google Scholar