Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics

, Volume 284, Issue 3, pp 647–650 | Cite as

Hakim Esmail Jorjani (1042–1137 ad): Persian physician and jurist

  • Seyed Fazel Hosseini
  • Farid Alakbarli
  • Kamyar Ghabili
  • Mohammadali M. Shoja
General Gynecology


The great 11th–12th century Persian physician Seyed Esmail Jorjani (known as Hakim Jorjani) is known for his 750,000 word encyclopedia of medicine, the Treasure of King Khwarazm, which has been ranked along with Avicenna’s Canon and the works of Haly Abbas. Translations of this work provide modern readers with a detailed insight into medical practice in medieval Persia. Parts of the Treasure are devoted to guidance about midwifery and perinatal care. In this article we present translations of excerpts from this part of the work.


Medieval Persian medicine Obstetrics Perinatal Abortion 



The authors are grateful to Dr. Paul S. Agutter for his critical review of this manuscript prior to submission.

Conflict of interest



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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Seyed Fazel Hosseini
    • 1
  • Farid Alakbarli
    • 2
  • Kamyar Ghabili
    • 3
  • Mohammadali M. Shoja
    • 4
  1. 1.Azerbaijan National Academy of SciencesBakuAzerbaijan
  2. 2.Institute of Manuscripts of the Azerbaijan National Academy of SciencesBakuAzerbaijan
  3. 3.Tuberculosis and Lung Disease Research CenterTabriz University of Medical SciencesTabrizIran
  4. 4.Department of NeurosurgeryIndiana UniversityIndianapolisUSA

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