Maternal and fetal leptin and ghrelin levels: relationship with fetal growth
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In our study, we investigated the influence of plasma levels ghrelin, leptin and other metabolic hormones (ILGF-1 and ILGF-2) in pregnants in regulating fetal body weight and mode of delivery.
A total of 36 appropriately healthy pregnants 19–36-year-old were involved in the study. Demographic chracteristics, serum ghrelin, leptin, IGF-1 and IGF-2 levels of the pregnants were studied.
Plasma ghrelin and leptin levels did not differ significantly among trimesters and delivery, in contrast to IGF-I and IGF-II concentrations were significantly higher in the first half of the pregnancy (P < 0.05). Serum leptin was significantly associated with mode of delivery (r = 0.231; P = 0.008), BMI (r = 0.462; P = 0.004).
Metabolic factors are associated with fetal growth, but in AGA babies, there were no differences between any parameter and clinical factor.
KeywordsGhrelin Leptin Birthweight
Conflict of interest
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