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Clinical music interventions and music therapy in dermatology

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Music interventions in medicine have been shown to reduce anxiety and depression, decrease pain, and improve quality of life; however, a review of clinical music interventions in dermatology is lacking. Studies have shown that playing music for patients undergoing dermatologic procedures (Mohs surgery and anesthetic injections) can decrease pain and anxiety. Patients with pruritic conditions—such as psoriasis, neurodermatitis, atopic dermatitis, contact eczema, and situations requiring hemodialysis—have exhibited decreased levels of disease burden and pain when listening to preferred music, pre-chosen music, and live music. Studies suggest that listening to certain types of music may also alter serum cytokines, affecting the allergic wheal response. Additional research is necessary to determine the full potential and practical applications for clinical music interventions in dermatology. Future research should focus on targeting skin conditions that may benefit from the psychological, inflammatory, and immune effects of music.

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GJR, KK, BH, KCA conceived of the project, performed the literature review, and created tables. All authors wrote and reviewed the manuscript. VEN supervised the project.

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Correspondence to Vinod E. Nambudiri.

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Riew, G.J., Kamal, K., Hijaz, B. et al. Clinical music interventions and music therapy in dermatology. Arch Dermatol Res 315, 2485–2490 (2023).

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