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Sunscreen application technique amongst patients with a history of skin cancer

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Abstract

Background

Data on how patients with a history of skin cancer apply sunscreen are lacking.

Objective

To characterize (1) gender differences in sunscreen application technique (quantity used, anatomic site coverage, and time allocated) and (2) differences in sunscreen application to unaffected skin versus previous skin cancer sites.

Methods

Subjects with a history of skin cancer were asked to apply sunscreen to their head as they normally would. The amount of sunscreen used and application time were recorded. Before and after photos were taken. Using Wood’s lamp lighting, an anatomic site coverage score was rated on an ordinal scale (1 = 0–25%, 2 = 26–50%, 3 = 51–75%, 4 = 76–100% coverage).

Results

Males used 530 mg more sunscreen (p < 0.001) and applied approximately 5 mg/cm2 of sunscreen versus women, who applied 2 mg/cm2. The average coverage score was 3.27. Males were 7.61 times more likely to adequately apply sunscreen to the ears (p = 0.001). No differences were noted in application times. Coverage scores were similar for unaffected skin and previous skin cancer sites.

Limitations

Observations in a controlled setting may not reflect usual sunscreen application practices.

Conclusions

Overall, skin cancer survivors of both genders effectively applied sunscreen in line with recommended quantity guidelines, but men were significantly better at protecting their ears.

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Acknowledgements

This project was funded in part by the Loyola University Medical Center Division of Dermatology.

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Correspondence to Jacquelyn Dang.

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The authors have no conflict of interest to declare.

IRB approval status

The above‐referenced research project was given Full Approval by the Institutional Review Board for the Protection of Human Subjects at Loyola University Health Sciences Division.

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Electronic supplementary material

Below is the link to the electronic supplementary material.

Supplementary file1 Online Resource 1. Questionnaire on photoprotection practices and skin cancer knowledge (PDF 58 kb)

Supplementary file2 Online Resource 2. Video on proper sunscreen application technique (MOV 14560 kb)

Supplementary file3 (DOCX 17 kb)

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Dang, J., Reserva, J., Tung-Hahn, E. et al. Sunscreen application technique amongst patients with a history of skin cancer. Arch Dermatol Res 312, 739–746 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00403-020-02131-9

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00403-020-02131-9

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