Amelioration of lactic acid sensations in sensitive skin by stimulating the barrier function and improving the ceramide profile
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We determined whether compensating ceramides in the stratum corneum (SC) may ameliorate the impaired barrier function and subsequently attenuate the enhanced skin sensitivity. Treatment for 4 weeks with the ceramide complex cream or the placebo cream significantly ameliorated the intensity of lactic acid sensations in 39 female subjects with sensitive skin, the degree of which was attenuated to a greater extent at 1 week by the ceramide complex cream compared with the placebo cream. The amelioration of skin sensations was accompanied by a significant increase in total ceramide content in the SC elicited by the ceramide complex cream that was significantly more effective than the placebo cream at 4 weeks. Consistently, TEWL and conductance values were significantly decreased or increased at 1 and 4 weeks, respectively, to a greater extent by the ceramide complex cream than by the placebo cream. TEWL levels were significantly correlated with the increased levels of SC total ceramide in the ceramide complex cream-treated skin but not in the placebo cream-treated skin. Thus, the amelioration of lactic acid sensations by topical application of a ceramide complex cream, provides a deep insight into the pathophysiology of sensitive skin as a reduced barrier function-dependent sub-clinical sensory response.
KeywordsSensitive skin Barrier function Ceramide Stinging test
Liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry
Trans-epidermal water loss
We thank Drs A. Naoe and H. Tsujimura (Kao Corporation, Japan) for lipid analysis.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors state no conflict of interest.
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
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