Skip to main content
Log in

Ultrasonography as a diagnostic modality in Osgood-Schlatter disease

A clinical study and review of the literature

  • Original Article
  • Published:
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery Aims and scope Submit manuscript


Sonographic examination of the knee has been proposed by several authors in the past as a simple and reliable method to diagnose Osgood-Schlatter disease (OSD). Ultrasound was used to compare the knees of 25 boys and 10 girls with typical OSD with 35 symptom-free knees of an aged-matched group of children. Based on recorded data, patients were categorized (one affected knee in each individual) according to the classification system proposed by De Flaviis et al. in 1989. The results included the following pathological findings: pretibial swelling, fragmentation of the ossification center, insertional thickening of the patellar tendon, and excessive fluid collection in the infrapatellar bursa. Of our patients, 26% fell into the type 1 category, 43% were type 2, 20% type 3, and 11% type 4. This distribution of cases was found to be statistically similar to the initial findings reported by De Flaviis and colleagues. This study therefore supports the validity and reproducibility of their classification method for the ultrasonographic evaluation of children with OSD. This is only the first step, and further assessment of this classification is still required to elucidate its clinical as well as its prognostic value.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Subscribe and save

Springer+ Basic
EUR 32.99 /Month
  • Get 10 units per month
  • Download Article/Chapter or Ebook
  • 1 Unit = 1 Article or 1 Chapter
  • Cancel anytime
Subscribe now

Buy Now

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Similar content being viewed by others

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Additional information

Received: 11 November 2000

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Blankstein, A., Cohen, I., Heim, M. et al. Ultrasonography as a diagnostic modality in Osgood-Schlatter disease . Arch Orth Traum Surg 121, 536–539 (2001).

Download citation

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: