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Is suction drainage necessary after total joint arthroplasty?

A prospective study

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Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery Aims and scope Submit manuscript


A prospective evaluation of 98 patients who had undergone a total hip or knee arthroplasty was conducted to assess the effect of postoperative suction drainage. Sixty-six patients undergoing elective total hip arthroplasty and 32 patients undergoing total knee replacement were randomly allocated to undergo either suction drainage or no drainage of the wound. Statistical analysis of the results showed no difference in wound healing, severity of wound haematoma, postoperative blood transfusion requirement, range of motion and duration of the hospitalization between the two groups. We conclude that the use of closed suction drainage provides no apparent advantage after uncomplicated total hip or knee arthroplasty.

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Received: 19 December 1996

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Crevoisier, X., Reber, P. & Noesberger, B. Is suction drainage necessary after total joint arthroplasty? . Arch Orth Traum Surg 117, 121–124 (1998).

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